Table of Contents for David A. Roffman's Website

HOME PAGE Web Site Contents Mars Report Contents Mars Report Abstract CV for Dr. David Roffman Diplomas PhD Thesis PhD Thesis Powerpoint Mars PowerPoint MSL Weather Reports MSL Weather Fall Yr 3 MSL Yr. 3 Summer Weather MSL Yr. 3 Spring Weather MSL Ultraviolet Desai, EDL, Parachutes & ExoMars Mars winter vs. summer temps Sea at Utopia Planitia, Mars Tree Stump at MSL? Spherical life on Mars? Mars Report Abstract, 1-1.2 Mars Report Sec.2-2.1 Report 2.2-2.4 Report 2.5-2.5.2 Report 2.5.3-2.7 Report 3-4.1.2 Report 5 to 6 Report  7-7.2.1 Report 8-9 Report 10-11 Report  12-12.2 Report 12.3-12.5 Report 12.6 Report 13-14 Report 14.1 Report 14.2-14.3 Report 14.4-14.6.2 Report 14.6.3-14.6.4 Report 15-19 Report References Report Afterword Rebuttal of REMS Report Running water on Mars MSL Year 0 Weather MSL Yr 2 Winter-Spring Weather MSL Yr 2 Summer Weather MSL Yr 2 Fall Weather MSL Yr 2-3 Winter Weather Adiabatics MSL Hi Temps MSL Low Temps Organic Chem found by MSL Oxygen in Mars Air MSL Day length & Temp Warm winter ground temps 155-Mile High Mars Plume Radiation Diurnal Air Temp Variation Mars Temps Fahrenheit Beagle found JPL/NASA Pressure Mistakes Enter MarsCorrect Sol 370, 1160 & 1161 Histories Mars-Radio-Show JPL Fudges Pressure Curves MSL Temp. ∆ Mast to Ground High & Low Pressures Normalized Mars soil 2% water Moving rock Mars MAVEN MSL Relative Humidity Claim Ashima Concedes Original MSL Weather Record Old MSL Weather Record MSL Summer Weather Pressure Estimate REMS Wind MSL Pressures REMS Reports Curiosity Geology CERN-2013-pics Daylight Math MSL Errors P1 MSL Errors P2 MSL-Chute-Flap MSL daylight Ashima Sols 15 to 111 Ashima Sol 112 to 226 Ashima Sol 227 on New Ashima Sols 270+ MSL Summer to Sol 316 Updated Secrets of Mars Weather Forecast Wind Booms MSL Credibility MSL Temp. Swings MSL Temperatures Sample Analysis at Mars (SAM) VL2 - MSL Ls Comparson Ashima MIT Mars GCM Dust Storm Nonsense Mars Slideshow Moving Sand & Martian Wind 3 DEC12 Press Conf. MSL Press Conf. 15NOV2012 Sol Numbering MSL Pressure Graph to Ls 218.8 MSL Sky Color Mars Sky Color DATA DEBATE! Zubrin's Letter Phoenix Vaisala Vaisala Pressure Sensors Phoenix &MSL Flawed MSL REMS Viking pressure sensors failed MSL landing site Mars Landings Phobos Grunt Martian Air Supersaturation Mars & CH4 Mars and MSL Time Viking Pressure Audit Links Mars Society 2008 Quant Finance Frontiers Home Front. Preface Frontiers Ch. 1 Frontiers Ch. 2 Antimatter Lightning Frontiers Ch. 3 Frontiers Ch. 4 Frontiers Ch. 5 Frontiers Ch. 6 Frontiers Ch. 7 Frontiers Ch. 8 Frontiers Ch. 9 Frontiers Ch 10 Frontiers Ch 11 Frontiers Ch 12 Frontiers Ch 13 Frontiers Ch 14 Frontiers Ch 15 Frontiers Ch 16 Frontiers Ch 17 Frontiers Ch 18 Frontiers Ch 19 Frontiers Ch 20 Frontiers Ch 21 Frontiers Ch 22 World Tour Spring-Break -13 Other Travels Asteroid Impact? ExoMars data Unit Issues Viking Pressures Tavis CADs Landing Long Scale Heights LS of Max/Min Pressures Tavis Report Tavis Failures Lander Altitude Martian Trees? Code Experiment Gedanken Report Mars Nuke? Martian Flares Mach Numbers MOLA (altitude) Original Mars Report Mariner 9 & Pressure Mars  Temps MSL Time MPF Pressure Blog Debates Spring Pendulum Plasma Model Reporting Errors Orbital Parameters Anderson Localization P. 1 Anderson Localization P. 2 Moving rock old Navigating Mars Mars Report Section Links Mars Report Figure Link Gillespie Lake rock outcrop MSL Sol 200 Anomaly Sol 1300&1301 Anomalies Gilbert Levin & Labeled Release Brine on Mars Ceres Lights Yr 1 Table 1 amfivan Missing data Mitchell Report Old Mars Report All MPF Temps ExoMars fails Did Spirit find past life? MSL ground temps go haywire Seasonal Pressure Altitude Calculations

Updated December 7, 2015

THIS PAGE HAS BEEN MOVED HERE. 
 

 

SECTION LINKS FOR THE BASIC REPORT OF MARS CORRECT: CRITIQUE OF ALL NASA MARS WEATHER DATA

Note: The PowerPoint Version of our Basic Report is at MARS CORRECT: CRITIQUE OF ALL NASA MARS WEATHER DATA.

It was uploaded on November 30, 2015.

 SECTIONS

FULL NAME OF SECTION

Description of the Section

Basic Report 1

Mars Correct Basic Report Abstract and Section 1

Abstract, Introduction, and Martian Dust Devils

Report Sec.2-2.1

Mars Correct Basic Report Sections 2 to 2.1

Overview of Instrumentation Problems

Report Sec.2.2-2.4

Mars Correct Basic Report Sections 2.2 to 2.4

Mars Pathfinder (MPF) and Phoenix Pressure Issues. Finnish Meteorological Institute Issues.

Report 2.5 to 2.6

Mars Correct Basic Report Sections 2.5 to 2.6

MSL Pressure Sensor Pegs Out at Sol 370, and the Viking Dust filter. Sols 1160 and 1161 have pressures greater than transducer capability to record.

Report 2.6.1-2.7

Mars Correct Basic Report Sections 2.6 to 2.7

Viking Pressure Reports & Digitization, Consistent Daily Pressure Spikes, MSL Weather Reporting Fiasco

Report 3-4.1.2

Mars Correct Basic Report Sections 3 to 4.1.2

Caves & Spiral storms on Arsia Mons; Snow, Water Ice & Carbon Dioxide; Ls of Minimum Pressure and Maximum Pressure

Report 4.1.2 to 6

Mars Correct Basic Report Sections 4.1.2 to 6

Ls of Minimum Pressure and Maximum Pressure (continued), Radio Occultation and Spectroscopy

Report 7-7.2.1

Mars Correct Basic Report Sections 7 to 7.2.1

Martian Wind Problems, Anemometers/Telltales, & Sand Movements

Report 8-9

Mars Correct Basic Report Sections 8 to 9

Downrange Landings; Dust Opacity and Pressure

Report 10-11

Mars Correct Basic Report Sections 10 to 11

Excessive Deceleration During Aerobraking Operations and Mars Pathfinder Issues

Report 12-12.2

Mars Correct Basic Report Sections 12 to 12.2

Potential Pressure on Mars, Methane, and Sky Color

Report 12.3-4

Mars Correct Basic Report Sections 12.3 to 12.4

Recurring Slope Lineae, Prechlorates, and Running Water on Mars, High end of pressure on Mars

Report 13-14.1

Mars Correct Basic Report Sections 13 to 14.1

Relative Humidity and Temperature Measurement Concerns, Ground temperature problems

Report 15 to 18

Mars Correct Basic Report Sections 14.1 to 18

Conclusions, Recommendations, Acknowledgements, and Afterword – What difference could all this possibly make?

Report 19

Mars Correct Basic Report References

References

Annex Links

 

Mars Correct: Critique Of All NASA Mars Weather Data, With Emphasis On Pressure: Annexes (With Links) And Appendices

Report figure & table links

 

Mars Correct: Critique Of All NASA Mars Weather Data, With Emphasis On Pressure: Links To Figures and Tables In The Basic Report

 SPECIFIC LIST OF SECTIONS IN THE BASIC REPORT WITH PAGE NUMBERS IN THE PDF.

                                         TABLE OF CONTENTS                              

Table of Contents…………………………………………………………..

iii

List of Illustrations…................................................................................

iv

ABSTRACT

1

1. INTRODUCTION

1

   1.1 Comparison of Martian and terrestrial dust devils

2

     1.1.1 Geographic Occurrences and the Greenhouse and Thermophoresis Effect

2

     1.1.2 Seasonal Occurrences and Electrical Properties

3

     1.1.3. Size and Shape

3

     1.1.4. Diurnal Formation Rate and Lifetime

4

     1.1.5 Wind Speeds

4

     1.1.6 Core Temperature Excursions

4

     1.1.7 Dust Particle Size – The Problem of Martian Dust <2 Microns and Wind Speeds.

4

     1.1.8. Core Pressure Excursions

4

   1.2. NASA Ames Test of Martian Pressures and Dust Devils

7

2. OVERVIEW OF PRESSURE INSTRUMENTATION PROBLEMS

8

   2.1 Viking 2 and Gay-Lussac’s Law

10

  2.2 Pathfinder and Phoenix Pressure Issues

15

   2.3. Which Transducers Were Used?

18

   2.4. Issues Raised by the FMI

19

2.5. DID ANY TAVIS OR VAISALA TRANSDUCERS PEG OUT AT THEIR MAXIMUM PRESSURES?

25

   2.5.1 How extraordinary was the (temporary) 1,149 Pa pressure spike of MSL Sol 370?

25

     2.5.2. Why is it so wrong to alter data to fit an expected curve?

30

   2.6 The Dust filter on Viking

33

     2.6.1. The issue of Viking pressure reports and digitization

33

     2.6.2. The issue of daily pressure spikes at consistent time-bins.

33

2.7. MSL Weather Reporting Fiasco

39

3. CAVES ON AND SPIRAL CLOUDS ABOVE ARSIA MONS ON MARS

42

4. THE ISSUES OF SNOW, WATER ICE, AND CARBON DIOXIDE ON MARS.

44

   4.1. Annual Pressure Fluctuations Recorded by Viking 1, Viking 2, and Phoenix - Maximum Pressure in the Northern Winter?

45

4.1.1. Ls of maximum pressure

45

4.1.2. Ls of minimum pressure

45

4.1.2 Ls of Minimum pressure continued

53

5. RADIO OCCULTATION

57

5.1 Shifting Standards – The Relationship of the MOLA Topography of Mars to the Mean Atmospheric Pressure.

59

6. SPECTROSCOPY PRESSURE READINGS BY MARS EXPRESS ORBITER..

62

7. MARTIAN WIND PROBLEMS

63

   7.1 Anemometer/Telltale Wind Speed Issues

64

   7.2 Martian Bedforms – Too Much Movement of Sand Dunes and Ripples for 6.1 mbar

65

   7.2.1 Issues Raised by the paper on Planet-wide sand motion on Mars by Bridges et al. (2012)

66

8. DO DOWNRANGE LANDINGS MEAN THINNER OR THICKER AIR?

71

9. DUST OPACITY AND PRESSURE

74

10. EXCESSIVE DECELERATION DURING AEROBRAKING OPERATIONS

75

   10.1 Mars Global Surveyor (MGS)

76

   10.2 Mars Reconnaissance Orbiter (MRO)

76

11. MARS PATHFINDER PRESSURES

77

12. THE POTENTIAL PRESSURE ON MARS

78

   12.1 Did NASA ever publicly back 20 mbar on Mars?

79

  12.2 Biology, Methane, and a Possible Hint of the Real Martian Air Pressure

80

   12.3 Recurring Slope Lineae (RSL), Perchlorates and Running Water on Mars

83

    12.3.1 Length of daylight where RSL are found

84

     12.3.2 Latitudes, times and temperatures for evidence of running water

84

     12.3.3 The role of perchlorates in RSL

84

   12.4 The High End of Pressure Estimates for Mars

89

13. RELATIVE HUMIDITY

92

14. TEMPERATURE MEASUREMENT CONCERNS

95

   14.1 Ground Temperature Problems

97

15. CONCLUSIONS

101

16. RECOMMENDATIONS

105

17. ACKNOWLEDGEMENTS

105

18. AFTERWORD: What difference could this all possibly make? 

106

19. REFERENCES

111

 

LIST OF ILLUSTRATIONS IN THE BASIC REPORT

FIGURE

TOPIC

PAGE

1

Arsia Mons dust devils

3

2

Utah dust devil pressure drop

5

3

Pressure drops at Phoenix and Pathfinder

5

4

Relative magnitude of 0.62 mbar increase in pressure for Viking 1 at its sol 332.3 and pressure drops or 79 convective vortices/dust devils at Mars pathfinder

6

5A

First photo from the surface of Mars and dust kicked up

9

5B

Rocks on the deck of the MSL Curiosity

9

6

Pressure calculator with Gay-Lussac Pressure Law and Viking 2 results.

10

7

Prediction success totals per time-bin and corresponding % of successful predictions.

12

8

Sample of Annex F – Viking 1 daily pressure predictions & measurements with cyclic accuracies for pressure predictions

13

9A-9C

Relationship of temperature changes to pressure changes on Viking 2

14

10A

Tavis Viking CAD Diagram 10011

16

10B

Tavis Pathfinder CAD Diagram 10484

17

10C

Three different Tavis transducers

18

11A

Vaisala pressure transducer on Phoenix and MSL

19

11B

Relative size of dust filters for Mars landers

20

12A

Pressure and Temperatures Recorded by Phoenix

21

12B

How MSL pressure data fits in with VL-2, VL-1 and Phoenix data

22

12C

Pressures originally published by the REMS Team and JPL that were more than 7 Pa off the expected curves were altered to fit the curve.

23

13

Quality control Individuals test.

25

14A

MSL sensor pegged out at max pressure

26

14B

MSL pressure sols 369-371

27

14C

The REMS team alters the critical MSL Sol 370 pressure data

28

14D

Ashima Research has not yet altered the critical MSL Sol 370 pressure data

29

14E

REMS also alters temperature data off the expected curve

29

15

MSL REMS Block Diagram

31

16A

VL-1 pressures of .26 to .3 time-bins & .3 to .34 time-bins. Sols 1-116.

35

16B

VL-1 pressures of .26 to .3 time-bins & .3 and .34 time-bins. Sols 134 -199.

35

16C

VL-1 pressures of .26 to .3 time-bins & .3 and .34 time-bins. Sols 200-219.

35

16D

VL-1 pressures of .26 to .3 time-bins & .3 and .34 time-bins. Sols 220-304

35

16E

VL-1 pressures of .26 to .3 time-bins & .3 and .34 time-bins. Sols 305-334

36

16F

VL-1 pressures of .26 to .3 time-bins & .3 and .34 time-bins. Sols 335-350

36

16G

VL-2 pressures of .26 to .3 time-bins & .3 and .34 time-bins. Sols 156-175

36

16H

VL-2 pressures of .26 to .3 time-bins & .3 and .34 time-bins. Sols 176-199.

36

16I

VL-2 pressures of .26 to .3 time-bins & .3 and .34 time-bins. Sols 201-260.

37

16J

VL-2 pressures of .26 to .3 time-bins & .3 and .34 time-bins. Sols 261-290.

37

16K

VL-2 pressures of .26 to .3 time-bins & .3 and .34 time-bins. Sols 291- 305.

37

16L

VL-2 pressures of .26 to .3 time-bins & .3 and .34 time-bins. Sols 306-361

37

17A

REMS Team data confusion

40

17B

Data day length and wind report changes from Ashima Research due to our efforts

40

18A-D

Inverse relationship between MSL pressures and temperatures

41

19

Caves on Arsia Mons

43

20

Spiral clouds over Arsia Mons

44

21A

1,177 and 1,200 maximum pressures published

46

21B

Approximate display of how MSL pressure data fits in with VL-2, VL-1 and Phoenix data.

47

22

Ashima Research does not support exact minimum MSL pressures published by the REMS Team.

48

23

Pressure curve for MSL’s first 866 sols.

54

24

Radio Occultation Points on Mars with locations of Olympus Mons and Arsia Mons indicated.

60

25

MOLA map of Mars with topographic features, landing sites, and methane plumes.

61

26A

Mars Express OMEGA spectroscopy-derive surface pressures

62

26B

Four years of in situ pressures at Viking 1 lander site

62

27

Phoenix telltale waving in Martian wind

64

28

Wind speeds recorded at Viking 1 for its sols 1 to 116 and 134 to 350

67

29

Wind speeds recorded at Viking 2 for its sols 1 to 399

68

30

Erasure of Spirit’s tracks during the 2007 global dust storm

69

31

Dust Storms and pressures recorded at Vikings 1 and 2.

70

32

Reconstructed density for Spirit landing

72

33

Reconstructed density for Opportunity entry

72

34

Reconstructed density for Phoenix entry

73

35

Dust Storm at Luke Air Forces Base, July 5, 2011.

74

36

Opacity changes at Opportunity from sols 1205 to 1235.

75

37

VL1 pressure and opacity

75

38

Actual Dynamic Pressure – normalized to an altitude of 121 km

76

39A

Time-averaged surface pressures for 30 sols of Pathfinder

77

39B

Diurnal pressure cycle for MSL Sol 10 and MPF Sols 9 and 10

78

40

History of beliefs about Martian Atmospheric Pressure

79

41A

Sample Analysis at Mars (SAM)

80

41B

Methane spikes seen by MSL at Gale Crater.

81

42A-I plus Plates 5 and 6

The Color of the Martian Sky

82

43A

Recurring Slope Lineae (RSL)

86

43B

Location of RSL on Mars

87

43C

Projected surface and subsurface temperature to 10 cm depth at Melas Chasma

87

43D

Relation between temperature, season & direction for RSL at Melas Chasma

87

43E

Spectroscopy, RSL & perchlorates/Perchlorates and boiling point on Mars

88

44

Stratus clouds over Mars Pathfinder suggest a pressure of 511 mbar at areoid.

91

45

Relative humidity is missing from REMS weather reports

92

46

Relative humidity claims for Gale crater

93

47

Relative humidity in the blast zone, arriving at Rocknest, leaving Rocknest and at Glenelg in Gale Crater.

94

48

 

The REMS Team drops above freezing temperatures to below freezing

96

49

Huge uncertainty of MSL ground temperatures

97

50A

MSL temperature sensor range

98

50B

MSL ground temperature sensor

99

51

Unaveraged periodic temperature data from Mars Pathfinder (0.25 meters to 1 meter height)

100

 TABLES IN THE BASIC REPORT

TABLE

TOPIC

PAGE

1

Pressure at various elevations on Mars based on a scale height of 10.8 and a pressure at Mars Areoid of 6.1 mbar.

7

2

Viking 1 cyclic accuracies for pressure predictions.

11

3

Pressures revised by JPL/MSL after we highlighted them. See the end of Section 2.4

23-24

4

Digitization limitations and the specific pressures reported by VL-2 for its first summer on Mars. See Section 2.6.2.

34

5

Viking 1 Time-bin pressure and temperature change studies. See Section 2.6.2.

38

 

6

Viking 2 Time-bin pressure and temperature change studies. See Section 2.6.2.                                                                 

39

7

Pressures @ LS 90 and minimum pressures seen by VL-1, VL-2 and MSL. See Section 4.1.2.

49

8

Landers and expected pressures based on landing altitude See Section 4.1.2.

50

9

Comparison of Viking 1 and Viking 2 Pressures for Ls 270 Section 4.1.2.

51

10

Variations in day length at Ls 70 South

52

11

Comparison of Martian Pressures via Radio Occultation & Calculated Scale Height Calculations. See Section 5.

57

12

Six attempts by Mariners 4, 6 and 7 to measure pressure by radio occultation. See Section 5.

58

13

Profile of the windiest Viking day on Mars. Section 7.1.

66

14

MSL temperatures altered by the REMS Team in July, 2013. See Section 14.

95

 

OTHER ARTICLES ON THE MARSCORRECT.COM WEBSITE

Short Name with Link

Full Name of Article

Description of the Article

PowerPoint Version of our Basic Report for MARS CORRECT: CRITIQUE OF ALL NASA MARS WEATHER DATA. Uploaded November 30, 2015.

MARS CORRECT: CRITIQUE OF ALL NASA MARS WEATHER DATA.

60-slide summary of 6+ year of research indicating that air pressure in Mars is about 84 times higher than NASA asserts. This show includes the September 28, 2015 NASA announcement of running water found at many places on Mars.

Basic Report for MARS CORRECT: CRITIQUE OF ALL NASA MARS WEATHER DATA

Uploaded 25 Nov 2015

Basic Report for MARS CORRECT: Critique of All NASA Mars Weather Data

120-page summary of 6+ years of research indicating that air pressure in Mars is about 100 times higher than NASA asserts and discussing serious problems with all other Mars weather data. It includes new findings about running water on Mars.

Radio Interview of July 20, 2015.

July 20, 2015 Barry Roffman radio interview about Mars. I was interviewed again about Mars on the the John Moore Show. The interviewer was Tim Spencer. The interview starts about about 1 hour 11 minutes into the 2+ hour show at http://www.thejohnmooreshow.com/.  

Radio Interview of April 30, 2013.

April 30, 2013 Barry Roffman radio interview about Mars.

The link to a radio interview that I gave about Mars on April 30, 2013 is as follows: http://www.blogtalkradio.com/curtner-and-kerr/2013/05/01/barry-roffman-with-larry-taylor-mars-exposed

Annex Links

 

Mars Correct: Critique Of All NASA Mars Weather Data, With Emphasis On Pressure: Annexes (With Links) And Appendices 

Report figure & table links

 

 Mars Correct: Critique Of All Nasa Mars Weather Data, With Emphasis On Pressure: Links To Figures In The Basic Report

Concession by Ashima

Ashima Research Concedes to Roffman Critiques

Ashima Concession For Posting Incorrect Data For The First 268 Sols And The Roffman Response To It:

MSL Martian Weather Year 1

REMS TEAM Mars Weather Reports

Tables 1 & 2 summarize the Rover Environmental Monitoring Station (REMS) data. Flaws will be discussed in conjunction with them. Table 1 shows the history of 682 sols of weather at MSL with emphasis on major changes (likely political in nature). 

 MSL Martian Weather Year 2 up to Sol 270

 REMS TEAM Mars Weather Reports

 REMS TEAM Mars Weather Reports from MSL Sol 670 and forward to Sol 866.

MSL Year 2 Summer Weather Data

MSL Year 2 Weather Record from Ls 270 (summer) to Ls 0 (360).

REMS TEAM Mars Weather Reports from MSL Sol 865 to Sol 1020.

MSL Year 2 Autumn Weather Data

MSL Year 2 Weather Record from Ls 0 (fall) to Ls 90.

REMS TEAM Mars Weather Reports from MSL Sol 1,019 onward.

Old MSL Weather 1

Orignal REMS Team and Ashima Research MSL Weather Record

REMS Team/JPL Give Us a Moving Target for Mars Weather Data.

Old MSL Weather 2

Original REMS Mars Science Laboratory Summer Weather Record

Original REMS MSL Summer Weather Record

Soil 2% water

Analysis of MSL Water in Soil Announcement

There is a lot of water just under the surface of Mars - maybe too much for the pressure accepted by NASA.

JPL fudges pressure curves

 

How JPL fudges pressure data to keep it on expected curve.

Close observation of original and revised MSL pressure data shows that JPL will not publish pressures more than 7 Pascals off the pressure expected curve.

MSL Temp. ∆ Mast to Ground

MSL Temperature Change From 1.5 Meters AGL to the Ground

MSL Temperature change from .5 meters above the ground to the ground.

Relative humidity

Relative Humidity at Curiosity, Gale Crater, Mars

Are these numbers all wet? Statements about relative humidity do not jive with the record 

Mars sky color

Martian Sky Color Controversy

Disinformation about Martian sky color apparently started with an order by NASA Administrator Dr. James Fletcher when Viking 1 touched down.

Tavis Sensor Suspicion

Tavis Pressure Sensor Suspicions.

ANNEX G To MARS CORRECT: Critique Of All NASA Mars Weather Data, With Emphasis On Pressure: Tavis Transducer Specifications and Test Results. Tavis CADS are found here.

Vaisala Sensor: Phoenix & MSL

Vaisala Sensors used on Phoenix & MSL

Issues raised by the Finnish Meteorological Institute show reasons to be concerned that pressures reported are false.

Pathfinder pressures

Pressures Measured by Mars Pathfinder

Pathfinder Data is Best Compared to Viking 1 Data 

Wind Booms & Disinformation

MSL Curiosity Wind Booms and Disinformation

Pathfinder Data is Best Compared to Viking 1 Data 

Ingersoll Debate

Data Debate with Professor Ingersoll of CalTech/JPL

Why there is "No Sale" on a NASA Mars expert's request that this study be terminated.

Daylight-math-fix

Mars Daylight Math: Roffman vs. NASA (REMS Team & Ashima)

How can we trust scientists who publish faulty data for so long even after we have pointed out obvious errors?

Curiosity Geology

Curiosity and Ancient Life on Mars

The red color of Mars points at least to a past with plenty of oxygen

Landing altitudes

Altitudes for Mars landers with weather instruments

The higher the landing site, the less the pressure.

Mars Mission History and Sites

 Mars Landing Sites

Attempted Martian landings and Martian weather data.

Nuc on Mars?

Was there a nuclear blast on Mars?

Disinformation requires a cause - something worth hiding from a public that might panic or have its values altered. Dr. Brandenberg's discovery may point to reason for a cover up. 

 

Aldrin's Phobos Monolith

Aldrin's claim of a monolith on Martian moon Phobos 

Seeing is not always believing when photos are involved. Does Aldrin know more than what these pictures show? 

 

Ashima/MIT GCM Critique

Ashima/MIT Mars General Circulation Model Critique

The Mars General Circulation Model by Ashima/MIT is flawed as were the MSL Mars weather reports posted by Ashima. Research.

NASA alters temperature data

How NASA altered high temperatures for MSL

After NASA reported that temperatures were higher than expected at Gale Crater on Mars, they simply went back and dropped the temperatures reported.

 Sol 370 History

History of MSL Sol 370 data changes by REMS and Ashima Sites.

After the REMS Team posting a record high average pressure of 1149 Pa (11.49 mbar) for Sol 370, and having our team question it (MSL could not measure over 1150 Pa), REMS pulled it down and put up a likey bogus false pressure of 865 Pa (8.65 mbar). Ashima Research still shows the higher pressure.

Viking pressure  sensors failed

Proof Viking Pressure Sensors Failed.

Evidence is presented to show that clogged dust filters on Vikings 1 and 2 kept the Tavis Pressure sensors from measuring ambient air pressure on Mars.

Dust Storm Nonsense

2012 Mars Dust Storm Nonsense

Analysis put out by JPL about a 2012 regional dust storm that never reached MSL or Opportunity was plainly unfounded utter nonsense.

JPL Press Conference Critique 1 

Critique of JPL Press Conference of 15 November 2012

JPL made several unwarranted assertions about dust devils seen at MSL during this conference. The wind data they quoted was later withdrawn by them due to a wind instrument on Boom 1 that broke on landing.  Navigating

Navigating Mars

Navigating Mars: Altitude and Longitude Issues

The rules for establishing altitude and longitude have both changed. This article will attempt to clarify the issues involved. Obviously altitudes will greatly affect pressures.

Phobos Grunt Failure

Phobos Grunt Failure, a Horrible Failure, But Not a Surprise.

The Russians failed to reach the Martian moon Phobos (again) with a mission launched in 2011. The final Russian failure analysis is reviewed, as is earlier speculation about Phobos.

Moving sand & Mars winds

Sand movement and Martian air pressure

Winds measured on Mars are insufficient to move sand dunes or fill in Rover tracks if we accepted NASA's low air pressure claims. That sand dunes do move on Mars is terrific proof that NASA is publishing false air pressure.

Moving rock

Mystery of a moving rock on Mars solved?

In January 2014 a rock seemed to move to get into the view of the Mars Exploration Rover Opportunity. Was it actually kicked up by an Opportunity wheel, or did something else occur?

Organic chemicals found by MSL at Gale Crater

MSL finds Methane and chlorobenzene at Gale Crater.

JPL press conference of December 16, 2014 and related data, mostly from the book Mars Up Close by Marc Kaufman.

 

Fossil found on Mars?

Does the Gillespie Lake rock outcrop point to past life on Mars?

 

Beagle 2 found

 

Oxygen and Trees on Mars?

 

155-mile high Mars Plume

Mysterious plumes above the surface of Mars have scientists stumped.

Clouds have been spotted up to 155 above Mars. The previous record was 60 miles up.

 

Oxygen and Trees on Mars

  While we believe that it's not as strong a case as that for higher than advertised Martian air pressure, there are reasons to question the accepted levels of oxygen on Mars.

G. Levin and Labeled Release

Part 1 - Gilbert Levin - the Man Who Found Life on Mars The only real opposition to Levin's claim to have found life at Viking 1 and Viking 2 landing sites (with his labeled release experiment) was based on the failure to finding organic chemicals. But that failure was flawed, and now we know there are organic chemicals on Mars.

Gil Levin and Leveled Release - Part 2

Part 2 - Gilbert Levin - the Man Who Found Life on Mars - Historical overview.
 

Brine on Mars

Why we believe that JPL did a poor job of laying out the case for brine at Gale Crater.  

Ultraviolet Radiation at MSL

Comparison of Ultraviolet Radiation at Gale Crater, Mars for MSL Years 1 and 2.    
Photos and comments about the strange lights seen on Ceres. A look at the possible causes of strange lights coming from a crater on Ceres. Causes considered include ice, geysers, volcanoes, salt, aliens, and diamonds formed by asteroid impact. This updated article shows the lights in September, 2015 from an altitude of 915 miles.
Factors affecting UV levels at MSL in Gale Crater, Mars

 

UV varies from Very high down to low. Factors considered include solar longitude (Ls), distance from the sun, latitude, altitude (and air density) opacity, and error.
High temperatures for MSL Years 1 and 2. Comparison of high air and ground temperatures at MSL.  

 

MARS RESEARCH

MARS CORRECT: CRITIQUE OF ALL NASA MARS WEATHER DATA. This version was posted on Nvember 24, 2015. Note: Earlier versions of this report went under the titles of Martian Air Pressures Are far Higher Than NASA Asserts and also Higher Than Advertised Martian Air Pressure. This report is published by Barry S. Roffman with technical assistance by David A. Roffman. It was last updated on December 29, 2014.
 

SECTION

TOPIC

PAGE

Annex Abstract

Overview of data in the Annexes

http://davidaroffman.com/ANNEX%20A%203%20SEP%202013.pdf

A-1

ANNEX A

VIKING 1 MORNING PRESSURE AND TEMPERATURE CHANGES and Mars Time-Bin Clock.

http://davidaroffman.com/ANNEX%20A%203%20SEP%202013.pdf

A-2 to

A-59

ANNEX A Appendix 1

VL-1 pressures of .26 to .3 time-bins & .3 to .34 time-bins. Sols 1-116.

A-3 to A-22

Appendix 2

VL-1 pressures of .26 to .3 time-bins & .3 and .34 time-bins. Sols 134-199.

A-23 to

A-34

Appendix 3

VL-1 pressures of .26 to .3 time-bins & .3 and .34 time-bins. Sols 200-219.

A-35 to A-38

Appendix 4

VL-1 pressures of .26 to .3 time-bins & .3 and .34 time-bins. Sols 220-304

A-39 to    A-50

Appendix 5

VL-1 pressures of .26 to .3 time-bins & .3 and .34 time-bins. Sols 305-334

A-51 to    A-55

Appendix 6

VL-1 pressures of .26 to .3 time-bins & .3 and .34 time-bins. Sols 335-350

A-56 to    A-59

ANNEX B

VIKING 2 MORNING PRESSURE AND TEMPERATURE CHANGES

http://davidaroffman.com/ANNEX%20B%209%20September%202013.pdf

B-1 to B-39

ANNEXES (with links) AND APPENDICES

Appendix 1

VL-2 pressures of .26 to .3 time-bins & .3 and .34 time-bins. Sols 156-175

B-2 to B-5

Appendix 2

VL-2 pressures of .26 to .3 time-bins & .3 and .34 time-bins. Sols 176-199.

B-6 to B-10

Appendix 3

VL-2 pressures of .26 to .3 time-bins & .3 and .34 time-bins. Sols 201-260.

B-11 to     B-20

Appendix 4

VL-2 pressures of .26 to .3 time-bins & .3 and .34 time-bins. Sols 261-290.

B-21 to     B-26

Appendix 5

VL-2 pressures of .26 to .3 time-bins & .3 and .34 time-bins. Sols 291-305.

B-27 to     B-30

Appendix 6

VL-2 pressures of .26 to .3 time-bins & .3 and .34 time-bins. Sols 306-361

B-31 to     B-39

ANNEX C

VIKING 2 STUCK PRESSURE GAUGE

http://davidaroffman.com/ANNEX%20C%209%20September%202013.pdf

C-1 to C-54

ANNEX D

PERCENT DIFFERENCES BETWEEN MEASURED PRESSURES ON VIKING AND GAY-LUSSAC/ AMONTON’S LAW-BASED PREDICTIONS

http://davidaroffman.com/ANNEX%20D%20%209%20September%202013.pdf

D-1 to D-171

Appendix 1

Viking 1 Sols 1 to 199

D-3 to D-94

Appendix 2

Viking 1 Sols 200 to 350

D-95 to    D-171

ANNEX E

Measured vs. Predicted Pressure Percent Differences for Viking-1 Time-bins 0.3 and 0.34

http://davidaroffman.com/ANNEX%20E%209%20September%202013.pdf

E-1 to E-14

ANNEX F

Percent Difference Experimental Summary

http://davidaroffman.com/ANNEX%20F%20%2010%20September%202013.pdf

F-1 to F-18

Appendix 1

Percent Difference Flow Chart for Viking 1 Sols 1 to 116 & 200 to 350

F-5 to F-16

Appendix 2

Histogram with temperatures at successful predictions per time-bins

F-17 to     F-18

ANNEX G

Tavis Transducer Specifications and Test Results

http://davidaroffman.com/ANNEX%20G%2010%20September%202013.pdf

G-1 to G-13

 

 

ANNEX H

Calibration Effort for the Mars Pathfinder Tavis Pressure Transducer and IMP Windsock Experiment

http://davidaroffman.com/Annex%20H%20%209%20September%202013.pdf

H-1 to H-43

ANNEX I

Pressures Reported by the Rover Environmental Monitoring Station (REMS).

http://davidaroffman.com/ANNEX%20I%209%20September%202013.pdf

I-1 to I-28

Appendix 1

Print Screen Record of Original REMS Team and Ashima Research MSL Weather Reports

I-12 to I-28

ANNEX J

Concessions by Ashima Research and How to Correctly Calculate Daylight Hours for MSL

http://davidaroffman.com/ANNEX%20J%20%209%20September%202013.pdf

J- 1to J-19

ANNEX K

REMS Team and Ashima Research Weather Reports from Sol 15 to Sol 299.

http://davidaroffman.com/ANNEX%20K%209%20September%202013.pdf

K-1 to K-34

ANNEX L

MSL daily weather reports sols 1 to 375 After the REMS Team revises all data prior to July 3, 2013

http://davidaroffman.com/ANNEX%20L%2010%20SEP%202013.pdf

L-1 to L-20

 

Powerpoint Summary of HIGHER THAN ADVERTISED MARTIAN AIR PRESSURE. 

Part 1 by David. Roffman. Posted September 9, 2012.

 

PowerPoint Summary of HIGHER THAN ADVERTISED MARTIAN AIR PRESSURE - PART 2 by Barrry S. Roffman. Posted August 18 2011.

BREAKTHROUGH PROPULSION PHYSICS

How JPL fudges Martian Pressures to make them fit the expected curve.
Mars MAVEN and the Search for ancient Martian Seas
FIRST PRESSURE ESTIMATE FOR MARS
SUNRISE, SUNSET, AND DISINFORMATION ABOUT MARS
Mars Geology and life in the ancient Martian oceans: Findings of Curiosity.
MSL Pressures to Ls 199.8 (Sol 87)
 MSL CREDIBILITY PROBLEMS
 MSL Temperature Swings
Mars Sky Color
Tavis Sensor CAD Diagrams
Michael Mitchell Report on Tavis Pressure Sensor Transducers
Martian Gedanken Dust Devil Experiment
Tavis Transducer Failures
Lander Altitude
VIKING PRESSURE DATA
Mars Landings
Phoenix Steady Pressure Drop
Unit and Comma Issues for NASA
Mars E-Mails

MARS REPORT (December 2009 version): Case for Higher than Advertised Martian Air Pressure

Scale heights on Mars
Phoenix Vaisala Pressure Transducer
Prasun Desai and Mars probes landing long

 MARS REPORT (Short version) submitted to Embry-Riddle Aeronautical University on 11-9-09.  Figures are not included in this link, but the figures are available via the MARS REPORT (Updated Version) - see first item in this contents section.

High and Low Martian air pressures normalized to areoid.

NOTES FOR FRONTIERS IN PROPULSION SCIENCE
Preface for Frontiers in Propulsion Science
Chapter  1: Recent History of Breakthrough Propulsion Studies
Chapter  2: Limits of Interstellar Flight Technology
Chapter  3: Prerequisites for Space Drive Science
Chapter  4: Review of Gravity Control Within Newtonian and General Relativistic Physics
Chapter  5: Gravitational Experiments with Superconductors: History and Lessons
Chapter  6: Nonviable Mechanical “Antigravity” Devices
Chapter  7: Null Findings of Yamishita Electrogravitical Patent
Chapter  8: Force Characterization of Asymmetrical Capacitor Thrusters in Air
Chapter  9: Experimental Findings of Asymmetrical Capacitor Thrusters for Various Gasses and Pressures
Chapter  10: Propulsive Implication of Photon Momentum in Media
Chapter  11: Experimental Results of the Woodward Effect on a Micro-Newton Thrust Balance
Chapter  12: Thrusting Against the Quantum Vacuum
Chapter  13: Inertial Mass from Stochastic Electrodynamics
Chapter  14: Relativistic Limits of Spaceflight
Chapter  15: Faster-than-Light Approaches in General Relativity
Chapter  16: Faster-than-Light Implications of Quantum Entanglement and Nonlocality
Chapter  17: Comparative Space Power Baselines
Chapter  18: On Extracting Energy from the Quantum Vacuum
Chapter  19: Investigating Sonoluminescence as a Means of  Energy Harvesting
Chapter 20: Null Tests of “Free Energy” Claims
Chapter  21: General Relativity Computational Tools and Conventions for Propulsion
Chapter 22: Prioritizing Pioneering Research
Text Typos to fix for Second Edition
 
 
 
 
 
 

TRAVELS, RESUME, CONTACT, LINKS, and TORAH CODES 2005 SCIENCE FAIR EXPERIMENT

Resume
World Tour 2007- China, Mongolia, Russia, and France
Other travels – Israel, Egypt, Alaska, Meteor Crater, etc.
Contact
Torah Codes Experiment - U.S. Presidents
Mars Society Activities
Spring Break Cruise in 2013
 

OTHER MARS RESEARCH AND DATA

.
  MARS REPORT (Short version) submitted to Embry-Riddle Aeronautical University on 11-9-09.  Figures are not included in this link, but the figures are available via the MARS REPORT (Updated Version) - see first item in the first contents section on this page.
 MSL Parachute Flap
Martian Parachutes and EDL
Martian Flares and their Possible Causes 
ASTEROID 2005YU55 encounter for    11 NOV 2011
Flawed MSL Remote Environmental Monitoring Station (REMS) 
Sample Analysis at Mars (SAM)
Ashima/MIT Mars General Circulation Model (GCM) Critique
MSL Time
 MSL Relative Humidity Claim

 Sol 370 History - How JPL alters data that they are not comotable with

Navigating Mars
Measurement of Ultraviolet Radiation by MSL