DAVID ROFFMAN'S UPDATED CONTENTS PAGE

HOME PAGE Web Site Contents Mars Report Contents Mars Report Abstract CV for Dr. David Roffman Diplomas PhD Thesis PhD Thesis Powerpoint Mars PowerPoint MSL Weather Reports Seasonal Pressure Altitude Calculations Seismic Activity on Mars? MSL Year 4 SUMMER Weather MSL Year 4 Spring Weather MSL Yr 3-4 Winter Weather MSL Fall Yr 3 Weather MSL Yr. 3 Summer Weather MSL Yr. 3 Spring Weather Martian plume March 25 2017 MSL Ultraviolet 3 YEARS OF MSL UV Desai, EDL, Parachutes & ExoMars Mars winter vs. summer temps Helo to Mars Sea at Utopia Planitia, Mars Tree Stump at MSL? Spherical life on Mars? Mars Report Abstract, 1-1.2 Mars Report Sec.2-2.1 Report 2.2-2.4 Report 2.5-2.5.2 Report 2.5.3-2.7 Report 3-4 Report 4.1-4.1.2 Report 5 to 6 Report  7-7.2.1 Report 8 Report 9 Report 10 Report 11 Global Dust Storm Report 12 Report  13-13.2 Report 13.3-13.5 Report 13.6 Report 14-15 Report 15.1 Report 15.2-15.3 Report 15.4-15.6.2 Report 15.6.2.1 - 15.6.2.3 Report 15.6.2.4-15.7 Report 16-16.1 Report 17-20 Report References Report Afterword Rebuttal of REMS Report Running water on Mars MSL Year 0 Weather MSL Yr 2 Winter-Spring Weather MSL Yr 2 Summer Weather MSL Yr 2 Fall Weather MSL Yr 2-3 Winter Weather Adiabatics MSL Hi Temps MSL Low Temps Organic Chem found by MSL Oxygen in Mars Air MSL Day length & Temp Warm winter ground temps 155-Mile High Mars Plume Radiation Diurnal Air Temp Variation Mars Temps Fahrenheit Beagle found JPL/NASA Pressure Mistakes Enter MarsCorrect Sol 370, 1160 & 1161 Histories Mars-Radio-Show JPL Fudges Pressure Curves MSL Temp. ∆ Mast to Ground High & Low Pressures Normalized Mars soil 2% water Moving rock Mars MAVEN MSL Relative Humidity Claim Ashima Concedes Original MSL Weather Record Old MSL Weather Record MSL Summer Weather Pressure Estimate REMS Wind MSL Pressures REMS Reports Curiosity Geology CERN-2013-pics Daylight Math MSL Errors P1 MSL Errors P2 MSL-Chute-Flap MSL daylight Ashima Sols 15 to 111 Ashima Sol 112 to 226 Ashima Sol 227 on New Ashima Sols 270+ MSL Summer to Sol 316 Updated Secrets of Mars Weather Forecast Wind Booms MSL Credibility MSL Temp. Swings MSL Temperatures Sample Analysis at Mars (SAM) VL2 - MSL Ls Comparson Ashima MIT Mars GCM Dust Storm Nonsense Mars Slideshow Moving Sand & Martian Wind 3 DEC12 Press Conf. MSL Press Conf. 15NOV2012 Sol Numbering MSL Pressure Graph to Ls 218.8 MSL Sky Color Mars Sky Color DATA DEBATE! Zubrin's Letter Phoenix Vaisala Vaisala Pressure Sensors Phoenix &MSL Flawed MSL REMS Viking pressure sensors failed MSL landing site Mars Landings Phobos Grunt Martian Air Supersaturation Mars & CH4 Mars and MSL Time Viking Pressure Audit Links Mars Society 2008 Quant Finance Frontiers Home Front. Preface Frontiers Ch. 1 Frontiers Ch. 2 Antimatter Lightning Frontiers Ch. 3 Frontiers Ch. 4 Frontiers Ch. 5 Frontiers Ch. 6 Frontiers Ch. 7 Frontiers Ch. 8 Frontiers Ch. 9 Frontiers Ch 10 Frontiers Ch 11 Frontiers Ch 12 Frontiers Ch 13 Frontiers Ch 14 Frontiers Ch 15 Frontiers Ch 16 Frontiers Ch 17 Frontiers Ch 18 Frontiers Ch 19 Frontiers Ch 20 Frontiers Ch 21 Frontiers Ch 22 World Tour Spring-Break -13 Other Travels Asteroid Impact? ExoMars data Unit Issues Viking Pressures Tavis CADs Landing Long Scale Heights LS of Max/Min Pressures Tavis Report Tavis Failures Lander Altitude Martian Trees? Code Experiment Gedanken Report Mars Nuke? Martian Flares Mach Numbers MOLA (altitude) Original Mars Report Mariner 9 & Pressure Mars  Temps MSL Time MPF Pressure Blog Debates Spring Pendulum Plasma Model Reporting Errors Orbital Parameters Anderson Localization P. 1 Anderson Localization P. 2 Moving rock old Navigating Mars Mars Report Section Links Mars Report Figure Link Gillespie Lake rock outcrop MSL Sol 200 Anomaly Sol 1300&1301 Anomalies Gilbert Levin & Labeled Release Brine on Mars Ceres Lights Yr 1 Table 1 Missing data Mitchell Report Old Mars Report All MPF Temps ExoMars fails Did Spirit find past life? MSL ground temps go haywire OPACITY AT MSL Luminescence on Mars Dust Storms & Microorganisms 2018 Global Dust Storm Links to Section of the Basic Report

Updated 12/11/2018

 

Dust Devils in Gusev Crater
 

NASA / JPL-Caltech / Texas A&M

Dust Devils in Gusev Crater. This movie clip shows several dust devils moving.

The question that began a 7-year study: How can Martian dust devils shown below at Gusev Crater form if pressure is under 10 millibars (average pressure on Earth is 1,013.25 millibars)? The film clip covers 12 minutes 17 seconds of what  was seen at Mars Exploration Rover Spirit on its 543rd day on Mars (July 13, 2005).

 

MAIN DOCUMENTS SUPPORTING OUR POSITION THAT ALL NASA MARS WEATHER DATA IS FLAWED:

DECEMBER 10, 2018: BASIC REPORT for MARS CORRECT – CRITIQUE OF ALL NASA MARS WEATHER DATA

ABSTRACT: We present evidence that NASA is seriously understating Martian air pressure. Our 9-year study critiques 2,251 Sols (6+ terrestrial years, 3.36 Martian years, and a full Global Dust Storm at MSL) of highly problematic MSL Rover Environmental Monitoring Station (REMS) weather data, and offers an in depth audit of over 8,311 hourly Viking 1 and 2 weather reports. We discuss analysis of technical papers, NASA documents, and personal interviews of transducer designers. We troubleshoot pressures based on radio occultation/spectroscopy, and the previously accepted small pressure ranges that could be measured by Viking 1 and 2 (18 mbar), Pathfinder and Phoenix (12 mbar), and MSL (11.5 mbar - altered to 14 mbar in 2017). For MSL there were several pressures published from August 30 to September 5, 2012 that were from 737 mbar to 747 mbar – two orders of magnitude high – only to be retracted. We challenged many pressures and NASA revised them down, however 9 years into this audit it has come to our attention that of two pressure sensors ordered by NASA for Mars Pathfinder, one of them (Tavis Dash No. 1) could in fact measure up to 1,034 mbar. Further, for the MSL according to an Abstract to the American Geophysical Union for the Fall 2012 meeting, The Finnish Meteorological Institute (FMI) states of their MSL (and Phoenix) Vaisala transducers, “The pressure device measurement range is 0 – 1025 hPa in temperature range of -45°C – 55°C, but its calibration is optimized for the Martian pressure range of 4 – 12 hPa..” So while we originally thought that of the five landers on Mars that had meteorological suites, none of them could measure Earth-like pressures, in fact, if the higher pressure sensor Pathfinder Tavis Dash 1 (0-15 PSIA/1,034 mbar) was sent rather than Tavis Dash 2 (0-0.174 PSIA/12 mbar), three landers were actually equipped to get the job done, but the public was largely kept in the dark about it. All 19 low uv values were removed when we asked about them, although they eventually restored 12 of them. REMS always-sunny opacity reports were contradicted by Mars Reconnaissance Orbiter photos. Why REMS Team data was so wrong is a matter of speculation, but we clearly demonstrate that their weather data was regularly revised after they studied critiques in working versions of this report and on our website at http://davidaroffman.com. REMS even labelled all dust storm weather as sunny, although they did list the UV values as all low.

 

Vikings and MSL showed consistent timing of daily pressure spikes which we link to how gas pressure in a sealed container would vary with Absolute temperature, to heating by radioisotope thermoelectric generators (RTGs), and to dust clots at air access tubes and dust filters. Pathfinder, Phoenix and MSL wind measurement failed. Phoenix and MSL pressure transducer design problems included confusion about dust filter location, and lack of information about nearby heat sources due to International Traffic and Arms Regulations (ITAR). NASA Ames could not replicate dust devils at 10 mbar. Rapidly filled MER Spirit tracks required wind speeds of 80 mph at the assumed low pressures. These winds were never recorded on Mars. Nor could NASA explain drifting Barchan sand dunes. Based on the above and dust devils on Arsia Mons to altitudes of 17 km above areoid (Martian equivalent of sea level), spiral storms with 10 km eye-walls above Arsia Mons and similar storms above Olympus Mons (over 21 km high), dust storm opacity at MER Opportunity blacking out the sun, snow that descends 1 to 2 km in only 5 or 10 minutes, excessive aero braking, liquid water running on the surface in numerous locations at Recurring Slope Lineae (RSL) and stratus clouds 13 km above areoid, we argue for an average pressure at areoid of ~511 mbar rather than the accepted 6.1 mbar. This pressure grows to 1,050 mbar in the Hellas Basin.


 

 

JULY 16, 2018: PowerPoint version of our Basic Report is found at Mars Correct? Mars is Wet!

MAY 26, 2017: Mars Correct Report Contents and Section Links.

HOTTEST CURRENT ARTICLES AND FINDINGS

October 22, 2018: Is NASA hiding seismic activity on Mars?

The new BASIC REPORT for MARS CORRECT – CRITIQUE OF ALL NASA MARS WEATHER DATA is a major revision and update of our Martian meteorology findings. In particular, Section 11 details the 2018 Global Dust Storm. It shows pressures that are consistent with what was seen in earlier Martian years at the same solar longitude. The data is in agreement with decreases in pressure to be expected as Curiosity climbs Mount Sharp, but the data is inconsistent with the weight of the dust. Dust storms on Earth show pressure increases. The author the REMS Team data seems to have overlooked this fact.


The Dust Storm of 2018 is discussed in Section 15.1 of our Basic Report. Above: Astrophotographer Damian Peach created this animation, which shows how the global dust storm currently raging on Mars has obscured the planet's surface features. Credit: Damian Peach

JULY 13, 2018Upated report on Mars MAVEN, the 2018 Global Dust Storm on Mars, and why MAVEN's estmate for the rate of loss of the Martian atmosphere over time are highly suspect.

JUNE 14, 2018: Three years of Ultraviolet Radiation at MSL.

JUNE 1, 2018: NASA plans on flyling a helicopter over Mars. We look at pressure considerations.

JUNE 23, 2017/UPDATED MARCH 20, 2018: Pressure Drops as MSL Climbs Mt. Sharp vs. Scale Height Predictions.

FEBRUARY 28, 2018: It looks like REMS will try to sell us a minimum pressure for Curiosity this year of about 711 to 713 Pa at LS 148 on March 24, 2018. Announced pressures are running around 19 to 20 Pa less than last year. Last night I caught our Department of Defense (DoD) reading what I previously wrote about minimum pressures. My new estimate is based on the data that I have at http://davidaroffman.com/photo5_19.html. Of course we believe that the REMS data is nonsense, with actual pressure two orders of magnitude higher.

DECEMBER 7, 2017: Update to Dr. Desai's Martian Atmosphere Model Challenge and Loss of the Schiaparelli Lander.

September 28, 2017: OPACITY AT MSL. For 1,825 sols the REMS Team has listed the opacity of every sol at MSL as sunny. We have consistently challenged that assertion. Now we find evidence that we are right based on weather reports put out by the Malin Space Science System. Accordingly, we present the truth picture of sky conditions at Gale Crater, Mars where the MSL Curiosity continues its journey. We also suggest that NASA's Mars weather data supervision should be taken away from the REMS Team and be assigned to Malin. 

September 19, 2017: High altitude plumes seen over Mars. This article looks whether such clouds are due to an asteroid impact, volcanic event, a massive spiral storms like those seen over Arsia Mons and also over Olympus Mons, and a possible a nuclear event.

NEWS FLASH: My father and I were interviewed about Mars for 3 hours 42 minutes on September 3, 2017. The interview was conducted via Skype by Marco de Marco and Matteo Fagone in Amsterdam, and simultaneously translated into Italian. You can view it at this link.

JUNE 23, 2017/UPDATED MARCH 20, 2018: Pressure Drops as MSL Climbs Mt. Sharp vs. Scale Height Predictions.

MAY 7, 2017: MSL ground temperatures go haywire. Temperatures are correlated with Curiosity positions between Sols 1635 and 1659. The treestump-like object's position is noted.

APRIL 26, 2017: Tree stump seen by MSL?

APRIL 4, 2017: Rebuttal to the REMS Weather Report for Mars Year 33 Month 10.

MARCH 31, 2017: New CV for Dr. David Roffman. This cv is tailored for a position as assistant professor in physics. Other positions will be considered.

FEBRUARY 19, 2017: New report sections 14.4 to 14.5 detail MSL air and ground temperature differences and MSL diurnal temperature variation.

FEBRUARY 10, 2017: Comparison of diurnal temperature changes for MSL summer (Year 2) with MSL winter (Year 2 to 3).

FEBRUARY 2, 2017: We rexamine Dr. Prasun Desai's ask for help with Martian atmosphere models and look at the ExoMars 2016 crash.

DECEMBER 8, 2016: FROZEN SEA AT UTOPIA PLANITIA, MARS

NOVEMBER 23, 2016: Did the Spirit Rover find evidence of past Martian life?

OCTOBER 20, 2016: ExoMars crashed due to an early parachute release.

OCTOBER 19, 2016: The joint European-Russian Space Agency ExoMars mission attained orbit but the Shiaparelli lander signal was lost during the landing sequence. Too bad.  The lander had a Dreams-P pressure sensor that apparently was supposed to measure pressures up to 50 hPa (millibars). That's still too low according to our math, but we looked forward to seeing some useful data soon.  Information on the weather package may be found at http://ssed.gsfc.nasa.gov/IPM/PDF/1035.pdf.

OCTOBER 15, 2016 (On MarsCorrect.com): KEVIN GALLAGHER INTERVIEWS BARRY ROFFMAN ON THE TOPIC OF MARS CORRECT RESEARCH.

APRIL 8, 2016: The REMS Team again publishes bizarre pressure spikes at MSL - including one above the capacity of the pressure sensor. Will they alter their data again now that we point it out? See Table 1 plus Figures 3, 4 and 5 here for details.

APRIL 11, 2016: The answer to the above question is yes. What we do here looks like meteorological prediction. But it is really behavioral and political analysis.

 

FEBRUARY 23, 2016: Comparison of Ultraviolet Radiation at Gale Crater, Mars for MSL Years 1 and 2. This page underwent major revisions on 2/22/2016 after the FMI/REMS Team/JPL read the issues we raised about low UV and then tossed out all low UV data. More and more REMS data seems to be a reaction to critiques on our Report and on this site rather than an illustration of actual conditions found on Mars.

 

FEBRUARY 16, 2016: Warm Winter Ground Temperatures (many above freezing) at MSL and Possible Life Seen In Conjunction With Them.

We look at whether slope plays a role in the warm temperatures as is the case with Recurring Slope Lineae associated with running water on Mars.

  JANUARY 17, 2016: Possible spherical life spotted on Mars by MSL.

 

MARS SCIENCE LABORATORY DAILY WEATHER REPORTS

MARS SCIENCE LAB SOLS and  LINKS

SOLAR LONGITUDE (Ls)

SEASONS

1-669

 150 to 150

4 SEASONS: Note: JPL labels the first year of MSL on Mars as Year 0. We call it Year 1. Although we looked at revising everything we have on all web sites to conform with JPL, the number of changes required is too massive. When in doubt about the year check the sol number involved. Their Year 1 is our Year 2, their Year 2  is our Year 3.

670 to 866

151 to 270

WINTER TO SUMMER YEAR 2

865 to 1,020

 270 to 0 (360)

SUMMER YEAR 2

1,019 to 1,213

 0 to 90

FALL YEAR 2

1,213 to 1,392

 90 to 180

WINTER YEAR 2-3

1,392 to 1,534

180 to 270

SPRING YEAR 3

1,534 to 1687

270 to 0 (360)

SUMMER YEAR 3

1688 to 1881

0 to 90

FALL YEAR 3

1881 to 2060

 90 to 180

WINTER YEAR 3-4

2060 to 2204

180 to 270

SPRING YEAR 4

2203 and onward 270 to 0 (360)

SUMMER YEAR 4

COMPARISONS BETWEEN MSL YEAR 0 AND MSL YEAR 1 DATA FOR THE SAME LS
Pressure and Ultraviolet Radiation    
High Air and Ground Temperatures for MSL  

Note 1: Ground temperature sensor is only accurate to 10K.

Note 2 dated February 5, 2016: There are unexpected ground temperatures at or above freezing for almost every sol for 3 weeks after the start of MSL Year 1's winter.

Low Air and Ground Temperatures for MSL    
Diurnal Air Temperature Variation at MSL    

 For Fahrenheit temperatures at MSL between Ls 151 (its late winter) and Ls 270 (its first day of summer in its Martian Year 2 see Mars Temps Fahrenheit.

 

For my doctoral thesis see ROSONANT SURFACE SCATTERING ON NANOWIRES.

 

HOT Above: The sudden increase in pressure over 4 sols from 716 Pa to 1167 Pa on the day that we predicted a minimum annual pressure seemed like an obvious indication that the REMS team is conceding that their data is manufactured bullshit. The previous (unrevised) record pressure over 2001 sols of MSL on Mars was only 925 Pa. After NASA saw our mocking cartoon of pressure on sols 2001 and 2002 they revised them down to 716 and 715 Pa. The pressure they now give for Sol 2002 is only 2 Pa (0.02 mbar) above where we thought it would be based a presumption that the climbing lander would go no lower, but in fact it did descend about 12 meters between when we made our prediction to Sol 2002 which was the date we predicted for minimum pressure. Below: The figure below sums up the first 866 sols of pressure at MSL. See the artcle about MSL Year 2 weather for further details.

                 

TABLE OF CONTENTS FOR MARS CORRECT -

CRITIQUE OF ALL NASA MARS WEATHER DATA (Updated 9/26/2018) 

ABSTRACT

1

1. INTRODUCTION

2

   1.1 Comparison of Martian and terrestrial dust devils

3

     1.1.1 Geographic Occurrences and the Greenhouse and Thermophoresis Effect

3

     1.1.2 Seasonal Occurrences and Electrical Properties

4

     1.1.3. Size and Shape

4

     1.1.4. Diurnal Formation Rate and Lifetime

4

     1.1.5 Wind Speeds

4

     1.1.6 Core Temperature Excursions

4

     1.1.7 Dust Particle Size – The Problem of Martian Dust <2 Microns and Wind Speeds

4

     1.1.8. Core Pressure Excursions

5

   1.2. NASA Ames Test of Martian Pressures and Dust Devils 

8

2. OVERVIEW OF PRESSURE INSTRUMENTATION PROBLEMS

9

   2.1 Viking 2 and Gay-Lussac’s Law

11

   2.2 Pathfinder and Phoenix Pressure Issues

16

   2.3. Which Transducers Were Used?

19

   2.4. Issues Raised by the FMI

20

2.5. DID ANY TAVIS OR VAISALA TRANSDUCERS PEG OUT AT THEIR MAXIMUM PRESSURES?

26

    2.5.1 How extraordinary was the (temporary) 1,149 Pa pressure spike of MSL Sol 370?

27

     2.5.2. The importance of gleaning data from identification of our web site readers

27

    2.5.3 Why is it so wrong to alter data to fit an expected curve?

34

   2.6 The Dust filter on Viking

37

      2.6.1. The issue of Viking pressure reports and digitization

37

     2.6.2. The issue of daily pressure spikes at consistent time-bins.

38

2.7. MSL Weather Reporting Fiasco

43

3. CAVES ON AND SPIRAL CLOUDS ABOVE ARSIA MONS AND OLYMPUS MONS ON MARS.

46

4. THE ISSUES OF SNOW, WATER ICE, AND CARBON DIOXIDE ON MARS.

48

   4.1. Annual Pressure Fluctuations Recorded by Viking 1, Viking 2, and Phoenix - Maximum Pressure in the Northern Winter?

48

4.1.1. Ls of minimum pressure

49

4.1.2. Ls of maximum pressure

49

5. RADIO OCCULTATION

62

5.1 Shifting Standards – The Relationship of the MOLA Topography of Mars to the Mean Atmospheric Pressure.  

64

6.  SPECTROSCOPY PRESSURE READINGS BY MARS EXPRESS ORBITER.

68

7.  MARTIAN WIND PROBLEMS

69

   7.1 Anemometer/Telltale Wind Speed Issues

70

   7.2 Martian Bedforms – Too Much Movement of Sand Dunes and Ripples for 6.1 mbar

72

   7.2.1 Issues Raised by the paper on Planet-wide sand motion on Mars by Bridges et al. (2012)

72

8. DO DOWNRANGE LANDINGS MEAN THINNER OR THICKER AIR?

78

9. DUST OPACITY AND PRESSURE

83

10. EXCESSIVE DECELERATION DURING AEROBRAKING OPERATIONS

90

   10.1 Mars Global Surveyor (MGS)

90

   10.2 Mars Reconnaissance Orbiter (MRO)

91

11. THE GLOBAL DUST STORM OF 2018

91

   11.1 Pressures Claimed for the 2018 Global Dust Storm

94

   11.2 Brief Summary of 2018 Dust Storm Data

104

   11.3 Possibility of a Biological Factor in Lifting Dust

104

   11.3.1 Martian Dust Storm Seasons

105

   11.4 Martian Dust Storm Paths and Radioactive Areas

105

12. MARS PATHFINDER PRESSURES

106

13. THE POTENTIAL PRESSURE ON MARS

109

   13.1 Did NASA ever publicly back 20 mbar on Mars?

109

   13.2 Biology, Methane, and a Possible Hint of the Real Martian Air Pressure

110

   13.3 Recurring Slope Lineae (RSL), Perchlorates and Running Water on Mars

115

     13.3.1 Length of daylight where RSL are found

115

     13.3.2 Latitudes, times and temperatures for evidence of running water

117

     13.3.3 The role of perchlorates in RSL

118

    13.4 Other Water on Mars – the Frozen Sea at Utopia Planitia

120

   13.5 The High End of Pressure Estimates for Mars….

123

   13.6. Pressure Drop as MSL Climbs Mt. Sharp vs. Scale Height Predictions.

128

14. RELATIVE HUMIDITY

137

15. TEMPERATURE MEASUREMENT CONCERNS

140

    15.1. Ground Temperature Problems

141

    15.2. Winter Ground Temperatures above freezing in MSL Year 2

149

    15.3. Why the early winter ground temperatures are so important and possible life seen on Sol 1185

149

    15.4. MSL Air and Ground Temperature Differences.

154

    15.5. MSL Diurnal Temperature Variations

157

       15.5.1. Why does the temperature fall more degrees at MSL in summer nights than winter nights?

161

   15.6. Probable Failure of the Ground Temperature Sensor or Personnel Issues?

161

      15.6.1 Failure of the Temperature Sensor.

168

      15.6.2 Personnel Issues.

168

      15.6.3 Mixed messages about the range and sensitivity of pressure sensors sent to Mars.

170

      15.6.4. A Possible Excuse for REMS Errors.

175

    15.7 Temperature, Pressure and Albedo

176

16. ULTRAVIOLET RADIATION AND CLOUD COVER AT MSL.

180

16.1 Solar Longitude for sols at MSL with very high and low ultraviolet radiation.

182

17. CRASH OF THE EXOMARS 2016 SCHIAPARELLI LANDER

191

      17.1 ESA gets smarter – Raises ExoMars orbit due to excessive density of Mars’s atmosphere

194

18. CONCLUSIONS

196

19. RECOMMENDATIONS

203

20. ACKNOWLEDGEMENTS

204

AFTERWORD: What difference could this all possibly make?

205

21. REFERENCES

211

       ANNEXES AND APPENDICES TO MARS CORRECT - CRITIQUE OF ALL NASA MARS WEATHER DATA: 

SECTION

TOPIC

PAGE

Annex Abstract

Overview of data in the Annexes

A-1

ANNEX A

VIKING 1 MORNING PRESSURE AND TEMPERATURE CHANGES and Mars Time-Bin Clock.

A-2 to

A-59

ANNEX A Appendix 1

VL-1 pressures of .26 to .3 time-bins & .3 to .34 time-bins. Sols 1-116.

A-3 to A-22

Appendix 2

VL-1 pressures of .26 to .3 time-bins & .3 and .34 time-bins. Sols 134-199.

A-23 to

A-34

Appendix 3

VL-1 pressures of .26 to .3 time-bins & .3 and .34 time-bins. Sols 200-219.

A-35 to A-38

Appendix 4

VL-1 pressures of .26 to .3 time-bins & .3 and .34 time-bins. Sols 220-304

A-39 to    A-50

Appendix 5

VL-1 pressures of .26 to .3 time-bins & .3 and .34 time-bins. Sols 305-334

A-51 to    A-55

Appendix 6

VL-1 pressures of .26 to .3 time-bins & .3 and .34 time-bins. Sols 335-350

A-56 to    A-59

ANNEX B

VIKING 2 MORNING PRESSURE AND TEMPERATURE CHANGES

B-1 to B-39

Appendix 1

VL-2 pressures of .26 to .3 time-bins & .3 and .34 time-bins. Sols 156-175

B-2 to B-5

Appendix 2

VL-2 pressures of .26 to .3 time-bins & .3 and .34 time-bins. Sols 176-199.

B-6 to B-10

Appendix 3

VL-2 pressures of .26 to .3 time-bins & .3 and .34 time-bins. Sols 201-260.

B-11 to     B-20

 

Appendix 4

 

VL-2 pressures of .26 to .3 time-bins & .3 and .34 time-bins. Sols 261-290.

B-21 to     B-26

Appendix 5

VL-2 pressures of .26 to .3 time-bins & .3 and .34 time-bins. Sols 291-305.

B-27 to     B-30

Appendix 6

VL-2 pressures of .26 to .3 time-bins & .3 and .34 time-bins. Sols 306-361

B-31 to     B-39

ANNEX C

VIKING 2 STUCK PRESSURE GAUGE

C-1 to C-54

ANNEX D

PERCENT DIFFERENCES BETWEEN MEASURED PRESSURES ON VIKING AND GAY-LUSSAC/ AMONTON’S LAW-BASED PREDICTIONS

D-1 to D-171

Appendix 1

Viking 1 Sols 1 to 199

D-3 to D-94

Appendix 2

Viking 1 Sols 200 to 350

D-95 to    D-171

ANNEX E

Measured vs. Predicted Pressure Percent Differences for Viking-1 Time-bins 0.3 and 0.34

E-1 to E-14

ANNEX F

Percent Difference Experimental Summary

 

F-1 to F-18

Appendix 1

Percent Difference Flow Chart for Viking 1 Sols 1 to 116 & 200 to 350

F-5 to F-16

Appendix 2

Histogram with temperatures at successful predictions per time-bins

F-17 to     F-18

ANNEX G

Tavis Transducer Specifications and Test Results

G-1 to G-13

 

ANNEX H

Calibration Effort for the Mars Pathfinder Tavis Pressure Transducer and IMP Windsock Experiment

 

H-1 to H-43

ANNEX I

Pressures Reported by the Rover Environmental Monitoring Station (REMS).

I-1 to I-28

Appendix 1

Print Screen Record of Original REMS Team and Ashima Research MSL Weather Reports

I-12 to I-28

ANNEX J

Concessions by Ashima Research and How to Correctly Calculate Daylight Hours for MSL

J- 1to J-19

ANNEX K

REMS Team and Ashima Research Weather Reports from Sol 15 to Sol 299.

K-1 to K-34

ANNEX L

How Martian Day Length Varies with Ls and Latitude

L-1 to L-10

ANNEX M

One Year of MSL Weather Reports

M-1 to M-38

 

ANNEX N

Weather Reports for MSL Year 2 Ls 151 to Ls 270 (late winter to end of spring), Sols 670 to 864

N-1 to N-13

ANNEX O

Weather Reports for MSL Year 2 Ls 270 to Ls 0 (summer), Sols 865 to 1,020

O-1 to O-11

ANNEX P

Weather Reports for MSL Year 2 Ls 0 to Ls 90 (autumn), Sols 1019 to 1,213

P-1 to P-15

ANNEX Q

Weather Reports for MSL Year 2 to 3 Winter, Ls 90 to Ls 180 (Sols 1,213 to 1,392)

Q-1 to Q-18

ANNEX R

Weather Reports for MSL Year 3 Spring, Ls 180 to Ls 270 (Sols 1,392 to 1,534

R-1 to R-37

ANNEX S

Source: Document: Two Martian Years of MSL High Air and Ground Temperatures.

S-1 to S41

ANNEX T

Source Document: Two Martian Years of MSL Low Air and Ground Temperatures.

T-1 to T-64

ANNEX U

Comparison of Ultraviolet Radiation and Pressures at Gale Crater, Mars for MSL Years 1 and 2

U-1 to U-28

ANNEX V

Weather Reports for MSL Year 3 Summer, Ls 270 to Ls 0 (Sols 1,534 to 1,686.

V-1 to V-28

ANNEX W

Weather Reports for MSL Year 3 Fall, Ls 0 to 90 (Sols 1,687 to 1,881

W -1 to W-24

ANNEX X

Weather Reports for MSL Year 3-4 Winter, Ls 90 to 180 (Sols 1,881to 2060

X-1 to X-31

 

          

 

LIST OF ILLUSTRATIONS IN THE BASIC REPORT

FIGURE

TOPIC

PAGE

1

Arsia Mons dust devils

3

2

Utah dust devil pressure drop

5

3

Pressure drops at Phoenix and Pathfinder

6

4

Relative magnitude of 0.62 mbar increase in pressure for Viking 1 at its sol 332.3 and pressure drops or 79 convective vortices/dust devils at Mars pathfinder

7

5A

First photo from the surface of Mars and dust kicked up

10

5B

Rocks on the deck of the MSL Curiosity

10

6

Pressure calculator with Gay-Lussac Pressure Law and Viking 2 results.

12

7

Prediction success totals per time-bin and corresponding % of successful predictions.

13

8

Sample of Annex F – Viking 1 daily pressure predictions & measurements with cyclic accuracies for pressure predictions

14

9A-9C

Relationship of temperature changes to pressure changes on Viking 2

15

10A

Tavis Viking CAD Diagram 10011

17

10B

Tavis Pathfinder CAD Diagram 10484

18

10C

Three different Tavis transducers

19

11A

Vaisala pressure transducer on Phoenix and MSL

20

11B

Relative size of dust filters for Mars landers

21

12A

Pressure and Temperatures Recorded by Phoenix

22

12B

Except for Sol 370 the black MSL pressure curve is suspiciously too close to the Viking 2 curve above it and the Viking 1 curve below it. 

23

12C

NASA was forced to change their pressure data to move in line with what we predicted that they would publish for the minimum pressure at the end of MSL Year 3.

24

13

Quality control Individuals test.

26

14A

MSL sensor pegged out at max pressure

28

14B

MSL pressure sols 369-371

29

14C

The REMS team alters the critical MSL Sol 370 pressure data

30

14D

Ashima Research has not yet altered the critical MSL Sol 370 pressure data

30

14E

REMS also alters pressures for Sols 1160 and 1161.

31

14F

REMS again revises pressures for Sols 1300 and 1301.

32

14G

REMS alters temperature data too when it is off the curve.

33

15A

MSL REMS Block Diagram

34

15B

Real Mars Sky Color

34

16A

VL-1 pressures of .26 to .3 time-bins & .3 to .34 time-bins. Sols 1-116.

39

16B

VL-1 pressures of .26 to .3 time-bins & .3 and .34 time-bins. Sols 134 -199.

39

16C

VL-1 pressures of .26 to .3 time-bins & .3 and .34 time-bins. Sols 200-219.

39

16D

VL-1 pressures of .26 to .3 time-bins & .3 and .34 time-bins. Sols 220-304

39

16E

VL-1 pressures of .26 to .3 time-bins & .3 and .34 time-bins. Sols 305-334

40

16F

VL-1 pressures of .26 to .3 time-bins & .3 and .34 time-bins. Sols 335-350

40

16G

VL-2 pressures of .26 to .3 time-bins & .3 and .34 time-bins. Sols 156-175

40

16H

VL-2 pressures of .26 to .3 time-bins & .3 and .34 time-bins. Sols 176-199.

40

16I

VL-2 pressures of .26 to .3 time-bins & .3 and .34 time-bins. Sols 201-260.

41

16J

VL-2 pressures of .26 to .3 time-bins & .3 and .34 time-bins. Sols 261-290.

41

16K

VL-2 pressures of .26 to .3 time-bins & .3 and .34 time-bins. Sols 291- 305.

41

16L

VL-2 pressures of .26 to .3 time-bins & .3 and .34 time-bins. Sols 306-361

41

17A

REMS Team data confusion

44

17B

Data day length and wind report changes from Ashima Research due to our efforts

44

18A-D

Inverse relationship between MSL pressures and temperatures

45

19

Caves on Arsia Mons

47

20

Spiral clouds over Arsia Mons and Olympus Mons

47

21A

1,177Pa and 1,200 Pa maximum pressures published

50

21B

Approximate display of how MSL pressure data fits in with VL-2, VL-1 and Phoenix data. 

51

22B

REMS plays games with the minimum pressure so far for MSL Year 3 on Sol 2002.

55

22A

Ashima Research does not support exact minimum MSL pressures published by the REMS Team

52

23

Pressure curve for MSL’s first 866 sols.

59

24

Radio Occultation Points on Mars with locations of Olympus Mons and Arsia Mons indicated

66

25

MOLA map of Mars with topographic features, landing sites, and methane plumes

67

26A

Mars Express OMEGA spectroscopy-derive surface pressures

68

26B

Four years of in situ pressures at Viking 1 lander site

68

27

Phoenix telltale waving in Martian wind

71

28

Wind speeds recorded at Viking 1 for its sols 1 to 116 and 134 to 350

74

29

Wind speeds recorded at Viking 2 for its sols 1 to 399

75

30

Erasure of Spirit’s tracks during the 2007 global dust storm

76

31

Dust Storms and pressures recorded at Vikings 1 and 2.

77

32

Reconstructed density for Spirit landing

79

33

Reconstructed density for  Opportunity entry

79

34

Reconstructed density for Phoenix entry

80

35

Dust storm in  Phoenix, Arizona

81

36

Sols 852 to 858 REMS vs. Malin

82

37

Opacity changes at Opportunity from sols 1205 to 1235.

88

38

VL1 pressure and opacity

89

39

Actual Dynamic Pressure – normalized to an altitude of 121 km

90

40

2019 Global Dust Storm Sols 2082 to 2090

92

41

2018 Global Dust Storm blacks out the sun at Opportunity

93

42

Two images from the Mast Camera (Mastcam) on NASA's Curiosity rover depict the change in the color of light illuminating the Martian surface

94

43

The altitude from – July 26, 2016 to October 15, 2016 was somewhere between 4,400 meters in July to 4,360 meters below areoid.

95

44

Possible correlation between radioactive hot spots and dust storm origination on Mars?

106

45

Time-averaged surface pressures for 30 sols of Pathfinder

107

46

Diurnal pressure cycle for MSL Sol  10 and MPF Sols 9 and 10

110

47

History of beliefs about Martian Atmospheric Pressure

111

48

Sample Analysis at Mars (SAM)

111

49

Methane spikes seen by MSL at Gale Crater.

112

50A-I plus Plates 5 and 6

The Color of the Martian Sky

114

51

Recurring Slope Lineae (RSL)

116

52

Location of RSL on Mars

117

53

Projected surface and subsurface temperature to 10 cm depth at Melas Chasma

118

54

Relation between temperature, season & direction for RSL at Melas Chasma

118

55

Spectroscopy, RSL & perchlorates/Perchlorates and boiling point on Mars

120

56

Map of Utopia Planitia where a water ice sea was found on Mars

122

57

Pressure predictions based on stratus clouds 16 km over Mars Pathfinder

127

58

Gale Crater topographic map

130

59

Comparison of scale heights in The Martian Climate Revisited and on a NASA web site.

133

60

Comparison of pressure readings by Viking 1, Viking 2, Mars Phoenix, and MSL

136

61

Relative humidity is missing from REMS weather reports

137

62

Relative humidity claims for Gale crater

138

63

Relative humidity in the blast zone, arriving at Rocknest, leaving Rocknest and at Glenelg in Gale Crater.

  139

64

The REMS Team drops above freezing temperatures to below freezing

141

65

Huge uncertainty of MSL ground temperatures

142

66

MSL temperature sensor range

144

67

MSL ground temperature sensor

145

68

Mars Science Laboratory high air and ground temperatures for 3+ Martian years.

146

69

Mars Science Laboratory low air and ground temperatures for 3+ Martian years.

147

70

Unaveraged periodic temperature data from Mars Pathfinder (0.25 meters to 1 meter height)

148

71

The green spherical and cocoon-like objects seen on sols 1185 and 1189. The green spheres might be photosynthetic life.

150

72

The putative ooids found in the same area as the spheres shown on Figure 57A might be simply smaller versions of the same phenonena.

151

73

Elevations and ground temperatures encountered while MSL was at positions noted by JPL. Possible life was seen on Sol 1185, along with a warmer than expected high ground temperature. The position noted for MSL for Sol 1248 is a return to within 20 meters of where the potential life was seen before. Then it moved within about 10 meters of the site.

152

74

Some of the unusually warm ground temperatures including five above freezing seen early in MSL Year 2 Winter.

153

75

Diurnal drop in high temperatures from the ground up to 1.5 meters above ground level at MSL

154

76

Location of meteorological sensors on Booms 1 and 2 of MSL.

157

76

Graph of air temperature drops at MSL for its summer (Year 2) and winter (Year 2 to 3)

135

77

While low air temperatures for sols 1670 and 1671 were both -76° C, the ground temperature lows differed by 30° C.

161

78

Sols 1720 to 1721 – Record low of -136° C.

161

79

Results from Spectroscopy when matching RSL with perchlorates

162

80

MSL Sols 1717 to 1721 topography with altitudes below areoid with low air and ground temperatures posted by the REMS Team.

164

81

JPL identified positions and MOLA altitudes for sols 1639 to 1671.  Low air and ground temperatures were added based on REMS Team weather reports.

165

82

 JPL published the positions for MSL Sols 1635, 1636, 1639, 1642, 1643, 1645, 1646, 1648 and 1649. During these dates low ground temperatures varied between -79° and -93° C. However, the dates that they did not show had ground temperature lows that varied from -80° and -111° C with five temperatures colder than -101° C, the coldest temperature ever observed by MSL.

166

83

Alteration of REMS Team report for Sol 1605 after we questioned it.

It is quite apparent that before March, 2017 reports that vary too  much from the preceding day or previous Martian year at the same Ls do not survive long at the REMS site at  http://cab.inta-csic.es/rems/en

  170

84

Viking 1 and Viking 2 error in unit conversion

172

85

The REMS Team would not permit low temperatures warmer than -50°  C.

173

86

Print-screen (recorded on July 23, 2017) of the FMI Abstract entitled Pressure and Humidity Measurements at the MSL Landing Site Supported by Modeling of the Atmospheric Conditions.

  174

87

The Vaisla Pressure sensor and its range as depicted by Spaceflight101.com. (1150 Pa top pressure)

175

88

REMS puts out a new maximum pressure for MSL. This time it’s 1400 Pa (14 mbar).

176

89

Maximum temperature calculated according to Boltzman’s Law with TES measurements from the equator to -10° latitude (10° South latitude)

 

 

177

90

Combining day and night infrared shooting, I have obtained this map in false colors where red spots area areas that tend to warm up more quickly during the day, while green resembles areas that tend to retain more warmth overnight, everything else is shown in blue.

179

91

Ls of Mars when MSL was experiencing low µv or very high µv.

184

92

Initial low µv values reported by the REMS Team and how the reports were altered. All low µv values between Sol 608 (April 22, 2014) and Sol 1200 on December 22, 2015 were obliterated by February 22, 2016.

186

93

After the REMS Team (a) dropped all µv values and (b) read our concerns about their behavior they changed at least 12 sols back to low µv. See Figure 77B for the rest of such changes.

187

94

After the REMS Team (a) dropped all µv values and (b) read our concerns about their behavior they changed at least 12 sols back to low µv. Figure 77B shows such changes that were not documented on Figure 77A

   188

95

Not all changes away from low µv were restored. As of October 12, 2017 no such restoration has made yet for Sol 1006.

189

96

Sunny skies advertised for MSL Sols 82 to 88 were not backed by the MSSS MARCI images

191

97

ESA gets smarter – Raises ExoMars orbit due to excessive density of Mars’s atmosphere

196

98

Changes in sky color and opacity due to the dust storm at MSL between May and June 2018.

201

 

 

TABLES IN THE BASIC REPORT

TABLE

TOPIC

PAGE

1

Pressure at various elevations on Mars based on a scale height of 10.8 and a pressure at Mars Areoid of 6.1 mbar. 

8

2

Viking 1 cyclic accuracies for pressure predictions.

12

3

Pressures revised by JPL/MSL after we highlighted them

25-26

4A

Sample of how the Mars Correct team tracks weather data published by the REMS Team/JPL

37

4B

Digitization limitations and the specific pressures reported by VL-2 for its first summer on Mars

39

5

Viking 1 Time-bin pressure and temperature change studies

43

6

Viking 2 Time-bin pressure and temperature change studies               

44

7

Pressures @ LS 90 and minimum pressures seen by VL-1, VL-2 and MSL

54

8

Landers and expected pressures based on landing altitude

54

9

Comparison of Viking 1 and Viking 2 Pressures for Ls 270

57

10

Variations in day length at Ls 70 South

58

11

Comparison of Martian Pressures via Radio Occultation & Calculated Scale Height Calculations

62

12

Six attempts by Mariners 4, 6 and 7 to measure pressure by radio occultation.

64

13

Profile of the windiest Viking day on Mars

73

14

Extracts of the MSSS reports that mention cloudy or dusty weather at the Curiosity Rover in Gale Crater, Mars, and weather in equatorial regions where Curiosity is found.  

83-87

15A

MSL Sols, Ls and Altitude in Meters Below Areoid

96

15B

REMS weather data for the 2018 Global Dust Storm

98-99

15B

Calculation for pressure at Utopia Planitia (Based on 6.1 mbar at areoid)

97

15C

Length of Sols on Mars at key solar longitudes related to dust storms

105

16

Calculation For Pressure At Utopia Planitia (Based on 6.1 mbar at areoid)

 

121

17

Pressure and altitudes for MSL Years 2 and 3 between Ls 11 and 19

129

18A

Pressure calculations for altitudes discussed above using a scale height of 10.8 km

131

18B

Pressure calculations for altitudes discussed above using a scale height of 11.1 km

132

19

Pressures over 925 Pa revised by JPL/REMS after we highlighted them or published them in earlier version of our Report

134

20

MSL temperatures altered by the REMS Team in July, 2013

140

21

Usually warm ground temperatures early in the winter of MSL year 2

150

22

Coldest air and ground temperatures for the first 29 Martian months of MSL operations on mars

159

23

MSL maximum and minimum air and ground temperatures Sols 1634 to 1684

169

24

Initial ultraviolet radiation reported through 1,256 sols at MSL. 

181

25

µv radiation reported up to Sol 1,338 after the REMS Team dropped all 19 original low µv values and then restored 12 of them.

182

26

µV for 2,007 MSL sols

183

27

Weather at MSL for Sols 2080 to 2097 during the  2018 Global Dust Storm

194

 

 

 

 

 

DATE

MARS-RELATED ARTICLES

August 6, 2017.

Alleged Secrets of Mars

May 12, 2017

PowerPoint version of our Basic Report is found at Mars Correct? Mars is Wet!

May 12, 2017

Newest version of our Basic Report for Mars Correct - Critique of All NASA Mars Weather Data

April 8, 2016

Sol 1300 and 1301 pressure anomalies.

March 27, 2016

MSL Day Length and Temperatures

March 8, 2016

Comparison of low air and ground temperatures at MSL for its year 1 and 2 on Mars.

FEBRUARY 10, 2016

Warm Winter Ground Temperatures (many above freezing) at MSL and Possible Life Seen In Conjunction With Them.

January 28, 2016

Comparison of high air and ground temperatures at MSL for its year 0 and 1 on Mars.

Note: Unexpected high ground temperatures above freezing early in the winter of MSL Year 2 (at least Ls 94 to 99, Sols 1221 to 1233).

January 28, 2016

An updated version of MARS CORRECT: CRITIQUE OF ALL NASA MARS WEATHER DATA.This version includes a new Annex P which sums up the weather at MSL for the autumn in MSL Year 2 (Sols 1,019 to 1,213, Ls 0 to 90)

January 24, 2016

Histories of MSL Sol 370, 1160 and 1161 pressures changes by REMS and Ashima Sites

January 17, 2016.

Possible spheric life spotted on Mars by MSL.

January 13, 2016

PowerPoint version of Mars Correct: Critique of All NASA Mars Weather Data

October 19, 2015

Lights on Ceres. This update includes new photos from an altitude of 915 miles/1,170 km.

October 12, 2015

RUNNING WATER FOUND MANY PLACES ON MARS.  How long can NASA maintain disinformation that backs near vacuum pressures on Mars?

 

August 27, 2015 MSL YEAR 1 MARS WEATHER DATA AND DATA REVISIONS  
July 20, 2015 My father was interviewed again about our Mars weather research on the the John Moore Show. The interviewer was Tim Spencer. The interview starts about about 1 hour 11 minutes into the 2+ hour show at http://www.thejohnmooreshow.com/.  

July 3, 2015

MSL Year 1 Summer Weather Data (Ls 270 to 360/0).

June 25, 2015

Possible explanations for why ultraviolet radiation measured by MSL on Mars varies from very high down to low.

May 19, 2015

Ultraviolet Radiation on Mars.

April 17, 2015

JPL Assertion of Brine at Gale Crater, Mars.

April 9, 2015

Gilbert Levin, the Man Who Found Life on Mars

March 30, 2015

Organic chemicals found on Mars

FEB 26, 2015

Martian Air Oxygen Content and possible plant life on Mars.

FEB 17,  2015

155-Mile High plume seen over Mars

FEB 5, 2015

 Solar Longitude of Maximum and Minimum Pressures on Mars

JAN 19 2015

British Mars lander Beagle 2 finally found but coordinates yield amount off course that is in dispute.

JAN 12 2015


Updated remarks on the MSL Press Conference of November 15 2012

JAN 12 2015

Does the Gillespie Lake rock outcrop point to past life on Mars? (under construction)

JAN 12 2015

MSL MARTIAN YEAR 1 WEATHER DATA

JAN 5 2015

High and Low Martian air pressures normalized to areoid.

JAN 4 2015

Relationship of the MOLA Topography of Mars to Mean atmospheric pressure

DEC 25 2014 Updated JUL 13, 2018

Mars MAVEN and the Search for ancient Martian Seas

DEC 19 2014

Comparison of Pressures for similar Ls for VL2 and MSL

DEC 18 2014

Martian atmospheric Composition/Methane on Mars

DEC 17 2014

Methane plus chlorobenzene and other organic chemicals found at Gale Crater on Mars.

DEC 12 2014

Ashima/MIT Mars General Circulation Model

NOV 30 2014

Dust Storm Nonsense

24 NOV 2014

Was there a nuclear blast on Mars?

NOV 19 2014

Mars Pathfinder Pressure findings

NOV 9 2014

How JPL fudges Martian Pressures to make them fit the expected curve.       (under construction)

OCT 27 2014

Sand Movement and Martian Pressure

SEP 20 2014

Radio interview sums up Mars Air pressure findings

JUL 11 2014

MSL MARTIAN YEAR 0 WEATHER DATA

JUN 25 2014

Mars Lander data reliability debate with Dr. Ingersoll

MAY 26 2014

Mystery of a moving rock on Mars

MAY 25 2014

Pressure update of August 25, 2013 - new data released by the REMS team blew away previous pressure measurements!

MAY 22 2014

Sanity Check for Relative Humidity at MSL

MAY 14 2014

Navigating Mars

MAY 14 2014

Phobos Grunt Failure (in 2011)

APR 29 2014

Proof Viking Pressure Sensors failed


APR 17 2014

Lander altitude

APR 14 2014

Mars Geology and life in the ancient Martian oceans: Findings of Curiosity.

APR 14 2014

Mars sky color

APR 11 2014

REMS & Ashima MSL date and sol numbering problems


APR 10 2014

Martian sunrise & sunset calculations by Barry & David Roffman


APR 9 2014

REMS Wind Boom Problems


APR 7 2014

Relative humidity at MSL. 

APR 4 2014

Curiosity and ancient life on Mars


APR 4 2014

Martian sky color controversy


APR 3 2014

MSL temperature change from 1.5 meters AGL to the ground

http://davidaroffman.com/photo2_11.html

APR 3 2014

MSL summer weather reports by the REMS Team & Ashima

APR 2 2014

Original MSL Weather Record (up to Sol 199)


MAR 18 2014

MSL credibility problems

JAN 30 2014

MSL Sky Color

NOV 3 2013

Analysis of MSL water in soil announcement


JUL 11 2013

MSL Weather forecast


JUN 30 2013

MSL summer weather reports by REMS & Ashima


MAY 22 2013

ESA Orbiter discovers water super-saturation in the Martian atmosphere

MAY 19 2013

Ashima Concession on 268 Sols of Disinformation


MAY 19 2013

REMS Team and Ashima back off wind speed reports


 MAY 12 2013

Ashima Mars Weather Reports Sols 15 to 111

 MAY 12 2013

Ashima Mars Weather Reports Sols 112 on

MAY 11 2013

Corrections required for Ashima Mars weather reports (Part 3)

APR 29 2013

First estimates of Pressure on Mars


APR 11 2013

Reporting errors persist by REMS and Ashima


APR 5 2013

MSL Curiosity parachute flapping in the wind


MAR 29 2013

MSL Temperature Record


MAR 29 2013

Morning temperatures


FEB 5 2013

Temperature Swings: Mars vs. Earth


JAN 27 2013

MSL daylight hours


JAN 27 2013

Sunrise, sunset, and disinformation about Mars


JAN 13 2013

Disinformation about Mars (Wind & Relative Humidity)


JAN 2 2013

Martian orbital parameters

JAN 1 2013

MSL Rover Environmental Monitoring Station (REMS)  (poorly designed)


DEC 4 2012

MSL Pressures Ls 158.8 to 218.6 (8/22/2012 to 12/4/2012)


DEC 3 2012

MSL Press Conference of 3 December 2012


NOV 28 2012

Sample Analysis at Mars Problems


 NOV 3 2012

MSL Pressures to Ls 199.8 (Sol 87)

AUG 18 2012

MSL landing site (page under construction)


AUG 11 2012

Mars landing sites


MAR 8 2012

Dr. Desai’s challenge on Martian atmospheric models: EDL & parachute issues examined.


FEB 28 2012

Mariner 9, Olympus Mons and Scale Height Problems


FEB 14 2012

Viking pressure audit link table.


OCT 18 2010 (Updated 2/15/2015)

Phoenix Vaisala Pressure Sensor


 MAR 31 1992

Tavis sensor CAD diagrams

 FEB 14 2012

Martian Gedanken dust devil experiment

 JAN 15 2012 - Updated FEB 5 2015

Viking pressures/ Solar Longitude of Maximum and Minimum Pressures on Mars

 AUG 11 2012

Mars landings

NOV 29 2011

Slides used at the Mars Society Convention on Aug 4 2011


 2009

Phoenix steady pressure drop

OCT 29 2012

Blog debates


 OCT 18 2010

Unit and Comma Issues for NASA

OCT 18 2010

Phoenix Vaisala pressure transducer

OCT 2 2012

MSL Pressures – Initial analysis indicates another clogged filter and incorrect pressures


DEC 2009

MARS REPORT (December 2009 version): Case for Higher than Advertised Martian Air Pressure

2009

Scale heights on Mars

FEB 3 2010

Prasun Desai and Mars probes landing long

NOV 9 2009

 MARS REPORT (Short version) submitted to Embry-Riddle Aeronautical University on 11-9-09.  Figures are not included in this link, but the figures are available via the MARS REPORT (Updated Version) - see first item in this contents section.

2009

Tavis CADS

       

AUG 17 2008

Mars Society Activities


MAY 2002

Martian flares and their possible causes

 

Trees on Mars?


JUN 24 1993

Tavis transducer failures

 

Mach Numbers on Earth and Mars


MAR 1977

Michael Mitchell Report on Tavis Pressure Sensor Transducers

 

 

NOTES FOR FRONTIERS IN PROPULSION SCIENCE

Preface for Frontiers in Propulsion Science

Chapter  1: Recent History of Breakthrough Propulsion Studies

Chapter  2: Limits of Interstellar Flight Technology

Chapter  3: Prerequisites for Space Drive Science

Chapter  4: Review of Gravity Control Within Newtonian and General Relativistic Physics

Chapter  5: Gravitational Experiments with Superconductors: History and Lessons

Chapter  6: Nonviable Mechanical “Antigravity” Devices

Chapter  7: Null Findings of Yamishita Electrogravitical Patent

Chapter  8: Force Characterization of Asymmetrical Capacitor Thrusters in Air

Chapter  9: Experimental Findings of Asymmetrical Capacitor Thrusters for Various Gasses and Pressures

Chapter  10: Propulsive Implication of Photon Momentum in Media

Chapter  11: Experimental Results of the Woodward Effect on a Micro-Newton Thrust Balance

Chapter  12: Thrusting Against the Quantum Vacuum

Chapter  13: Inertial Mass from Stochastic Electrodynamics

Chapter  14: Relativistic Limits of Spaceflight

Chapter  15: Faster-than-Light Approaches in General Relativity

Chapter  16: Faster-than-Light Implications of Quantum Entanglement and Nonlocality

Chapter  17: Comparative Space Power Baselines

Chapter  18: On Extracting Energy from the Quantum Vacuum

Chapter  19: Investigating Sonoluminescence as a Means of  Energy Harvesting

Chapter 20: Null Tests of “Free Energy” Claims

Chapter  21: General Relativity Computational Tools and Conventions for Propulsion

Chapter 22: Prioritizing Pioneering Research

Text Typos to fix for Second Edition

 

 

RESUMES, DEGREES AND RECOMMENDATIONS

TRAVEL

Countries visited include Belarus, Canada, China, Grand Cayman, Egypt, England, France, Greece, Haiti, Israel, Italy, Jamaica, Mexico, Mongolia, Netherlands, Portugal, Russia, Spain, Switzerland, and Vatican City.

 

 World Tour 2007- China, Mongolia, Russia, and France

 Other travels – Israel, Egypt, Alaska, Meteor Crater, etc.

 Spring Break Cruise in 2013

 Mars Society Activities

 CERN in Geneva

 

 

OTHER CALCULATIONS AND PROGRAMS BY DAVID ROFFMAN