DAVID ROFMAN'S UPDATED CONTENTS PAGE

HOME PAGE Web Site Contents Mars Report Contents Mars Report Abstract CV for Dr. David Roffman Diplomas PhD Thesis PhD Thesis Powerpoint Mars PowerPoint MSL Weather Reports MSL Yr 3 Winter Weather MSL Fall Yr 3 Weather MSL Yr. 3 Summer Weather MSL Yr. 3 Spring Weather Martian plume March 25 2017 MSL Ultraviolet Desai, EDL, Parachutes & ExoMars Mars winter vs. summer temps Sea at Utopia Planitia, Mars Tree Stump at MSL? Spherical life on Mars? Mars Report Abstract, 1-1.2 Mars Report Sec.2-2.1 Report 2.2-2.4 Report 2.5-2.5.2 Report 2.5.3-2.7 Report 3-4.1.2 Report 5 to 6 Report  7-7.2.1 Report 8 Report 9 Report 10-11 Report  12-12.2 Report 12.3-12.5 Report 12.6 Report 13-14 Report 14.1 Report 14.2-14.3 Report 14.4-14.6.2 Report 14.6.3-14.7 Report 15-19 Report References Report Afterword Rebuttal of REMS Report Running water on Mars MSL Year 0 Weather MSL Yr 2 Winter-Spring Weather MSL Yr 2 Summer Weather MSL Yr 2 Fall Weather MSL Yr 2-3 Winter Weather Adiabatics MSL Hi Temps MSL Low Temps Organic Chem found by MSL Oxygen in Mars Air MSL Day length & Temp Warm winter ground temps 155-Mile High Mars Plume Radiation Diurnal Air Temp Variation Mars Temps Fahrenheit Beagle found JPL/NASA Pressure Mistakes Enter MarsCorrect Sol 370, 1160 & 1161 Histories Mars-Radio-Show JPL Fudges Pressure Curves MSL Temp. ∆ Mast to Ground High & Low Pressures Normalized Mars soil 2% water Moving rock Mars MAVEN MSL Relative Humidity Claim Ashima Concedes Original MSL Weather Record Old MSL Weather Record MSL Summer Weather Pressure Estimate REMS Wind MSL Pressures REMS Reports Curiosity Geology CERN-2013-pics Daylight Math MSL Errors P1 MSL Errors P2 MSL-Chute-Flap MSL daylight Ashima Sols 15 to 111 Ashima Sol 112 to 226 Ashima Sol 227 on New Ashima Sols 270+ MSL Summer to Sol 316 Updated Secrets of Mars Weather Forecast Wind Booms MSL Credibility MSL Temp. Swings MSL Temperatures Sample Analysis at Mars (SAM) VL2 - MSL Ls Comparson Ashima MIT Mars GCM Dust Storm Nonsense Mars Slideshow Moving Sand & Martian Wind 3 DEC12 Press Conf. MSL Press Conf. 15NOV2012 Sol Numbering MSL Pressure Graph to Ls 218.8 MSL Sky Color Mars Sky Color DATA DEBATE! Zubrin's Letter Phoenix Vaisala Vaisala Pressure Sensors Phoenix &MSL Flawed MSL REMS Viking pressure sensors failed MSL landing site Mars Landings Phobos Grunt Martian Air Supersaturation Mars & CH4 Mars and MSL Time Viking Pressure Audit Links Mars Society 2008 Quant Finance Frontiers Home Front. Preface Frontiers Ch. 1 Frontiers Ch. 2 Antimatter Lightning Frontiers Ch. 3 Frontiers Ch. 4 Frontiers Ch. 5 Frontiers Ch. 6 Frontiers Ch. 7 Frontiers Ch. 8 Frontiers Ch. 9 Frontiers Ch 10 Frontiers Ch 11 Frontiers Ch 12 Frontiers Ch 13 Frontiers Ch 14 Frontiers Ch 15 Frontiers Ch 16 Frontiers Ch 17 Frontiers Ch 18 Frontiers Ch 19 Frontiers Ch 20 Frontiers Ch 21 Frontiers Ch 22 World Tour Spring-Break -13 Other Travels Asteroid Impact? ExoMars data Unit Issues Viking Pressures Tavis CADs Landing Long Scale Heights LS of Max/Min Pressures Tavis Report Tavis Failures Lander Altitude Martian Trees? Code Experiment Gedanken Report Mars Nuke? Martian Flares Mach Numbers MOLA (altitude) Original Mars Report Mariner 9 & Pressure Mars  Temps MSL Time MPF Pressure Blog Debates Spring Pendulum Plasma Model Reporting Errors Orbital Parameters Anderson Localization P. 1 Anderson Localization P. 2 Moving rock old Navigating Mars Mars Report Section Links Mars Report Figure Link Gillespie Lake rock outcrop MSL Sol 200 Anomaly Sol 1300&1301 Anomalies Gilbert Levin & Labeled Release Brine on Mars Ceres Lights Yr 1 Table 1 amfivan Missing data Mitchell Report Old Mars Report All MPF Temps ExoMars fails Did Spirit find past life? MSL ground temps go haywire Seasonal Pressure Altitude Calculations OPACITY AT MSL

Update12/7/2017

 

Dust Devils in Gusev Crater
 

NASA / JPL-Caltech / Texas A&M

Dust Devils in Gusev Crater. This movie clip shows several dust devils moving.

The question that began a 7-year study: How can Martian dust devils shown below at Gusev Crater form if pressure is under 10 millibars (average pressure on Earth is 1,013.25 millibars)? The film clip covers 12 minutes 17 seconds of what  was seen at Mars Exploration Rover Spirit on its 543rd day on Mars (July 13, 2005).

 

MAIN DOCUMENTS SUPPORTING OUR POSITION THAT ALL NASA MARS WEATHER DATA IS FLAWED:

DECEMBER 3 2017: BASIC REPORT for ARS CORRECT – CRITIQUE OF ALL NASA MARS WEATHER DATA

 

ABSTRACT: We present evidence that NASA is seriously understating Martian air pressure. Our 8-year study critiques 1,889 Sols (over 5 terrestrial years, 2.82 Martian years) of highly problematic MSL Rover Environmental Monitoring Station (REMS) weather data, and offers an in depth audit of over 8,311 hourly Viking 1 and 2 weather reports. We discuss analysis of technical papers, NASA documents, and personal interviews of transducer designers. We troubleshoot pressures based on radio occultation/spectroscopy, and the previously accepted small pressure ranges that could be measured by Viking 1 and 2 (18 mbar), Pathfinder and Phoenix (12 mbar), and MSL (11.5 mbar - altered to 14 mbar in 2017). For MSL there were several pressures published at or slightly above the initial advertised upper range of the pressure sensor. Indeed, from August 30 to September 5, 2012 pressures initially published were from 737 mbar to 747 mbar – two orders of magnitude high – only to be retracted. We challenged them all and NASA revised them down, however 8 years into this audit it has come to our attention that of two pressure sensors ordered by NASA for Mars Pathfinder, one of them (Tavis Dash No. 1) could in fact measure up to 1,034 mbar. Further, for the MSL according to an Abstract to the American Geophysical Union for the Fall 2012 meeting, The Finnish Meteorological Institute (FMI) states of their MSL (and Phoenix) Vaisala transducers, “The pressure device measurement range is 0 – 1025 hPa in temperature range of -45°C – 55°C, but its calibration is optimized for the Martian pressure range of 4 – 12 hPa..” So while we originally thought that of the five landers on Mars that had meteorological suites, none of them could measure Earth-like pressures, in fact, assuming that the higher pressure sensor Pathfinder Tavis Dash 1 (0-15 PSIA/1,034 mbar) was sent rather than Tavis Dash 2 (0-0.174 PSIA/12 mbar), three landers were actually equipped to get the job done, but the public was largely kept in the dark about it. All 19 low uv values were removed when we asked about them, although they eventually restored 12 of them. REMS always-sunny opacity reports were contradicted by Mars Reconnaissance Orbiter photos. Why REMS Team data was so wrong is a matter of speculation beyond the basic thrust of this report, but we demonstrate that their weather data was regularly revised after they studied critiques in working versions of this report and on our websites at http://marscorrect.com and http://davidaroffman.com.

 

We note that Vikings and MSL showed consistent timing of daily pressure spikes which we link to how gas pressure in a sealed container would vary with Absolute temperature, to heating by radioisotope thermoelectric generators (RTGs), and to dust clots at air access tubes and dust filters. Pathfinder, Phoenix and MSL wind measurement failed. Phoenix and MSL pressure transducer design problems included confusion about dust filter location, and lack of information about nearby heat sources due to International Traffic and Arms Regulations (ITAR). NASA Ames could not replicate dust devils at 10 mbar. Rapidly filled MER Spirit tracks required wind speeds of 80 mph at the assumed low pressures. These winds were never recorded on Mars. Nor could NASA explain drifting Barchan sand dunes. Based on the above and dust devils on Arsia Mons to altitudes of 17 km above areoid (Martian equivalent of sea level), spiral storms with 10 km eye-walls above Arsia Mons and similar storms above Olympus Mons (over 21 km high), dust storm opacity, snow at Phoenix, excessive aero braking, liquid water running on the surface in numerous locations at Recurring Slope Lineae (RSL) and stratus clouds 13 km above areoid, we argue for an average pressure at areoid of ~511 mbar rather than the accepted 6.1 mbar. This pressure grows to 1,050 mbar in the Hellas Basin.

 


NOVEMBER 10, 2017: PowerPoint version of our Basic Report is found at Mars Correct? Mars is Wet!

MAY 26, 2017: Mars Correct Report Contents and Section Links.

HOTTEST CURRENT ARTICLES AND FINDINGS

DECEMBER 7, 2017: Update to Dr. Desai's Martian Atmosphere Model Challenge and Loss of the Schiaparelli Lander.

September 28, 2017: OPACITY AT MSL. For 1,825 sols the REMS Team has listed the opacity of every sol at MSL as sunny. We have consistently challenged that assertion. Now we find evidence that we are right based on weather reports put out by the Malin Space Science System. Accordingly, we present the truth picture of sky conditions at Gale Crater, Mars where the MSL Curiosity continues its journey. We also suggest that NASA's Mars weather data supervision should be taken away from the REMS Team and be assigned to Malin. 

September 19, 2017: High altitude plumes seen over Mars. This article looks whether such clouds are due to an asteroid impact, volcanic event, a massive spiral storms like those seen over Arsia Mons and also over Olympus Mons, and a possible a nuclear event.

NEWS FLASH: My father and I were interviewed about Mars for 3 hours 42 minutes on September 3, 2017. The interview was conducted via Skype by Marco de Marco and Matteo Fagone in Amsterdam, and simultaneously translated into Italian. You can view it at this link.

JUNE 23, 2017: Pressure Drops as MSL Climbs Mt. Sharp vs. Scale Height Predictions.

MAY 7, 2017: MSL ground temperatures go haywire. Temperatures are correlated with Curiosity positions between Sols 1635 and 1659. The treestump-like object's position is noted.

APRIL 26, 2017: Tree stump seen by MSL?

APRIL 4, 2017: Rebuttal to the REMS Weather Report for Mars Year 33 Month 10.

MARCH 31, 2017: New CV for Dr. David Roffman. This cv is tailored for a position as assistant professor in physics. Other positions will be considered.

FEBRUARY 19, 2017: New report sections 14.4 to 14.5 detail MSL air and ground temperature differences and MSL diurnal temperature variation.

FEBRUARY 10, 2017: Comparison of diurnal temperature changes for MSL summer (Year 2) with MSL winter (Year 2 to 3).

FEBRUARY 2, 2017: We rexamine Dr. Prasun Desai's ask for help with Martian atmosphere models and look at the ExoMars 2016 crash.

DECEMBER 8, 2016: FROZEN SEA AT UTOPIA PLANITIA, MARS

NOVEMBER 23, 2016: Did the Spirit Rover find evidence of past Martian life?

OCTOBER 20, 2016: ExoMars crashed due to an early parachute release.

OCTOBER 19, 2016: The joint European-Russian Space Agency ExoMars mission attained orbit but the Shiaparelli lander signal was lost during the landing sequence. Too bad.  The lander had a Dreams-P pressure sensor that apparently was supposed to measure pressures up to 50 hPa (millibars). That's still too low according to our math, but we looked forward to seeing some useful data soon.  Information on the weather package may be found at http://ssed.gsfc.nasa.gov/IPM/PDF/1035.pdf.

OCTOBER 15, 2016 (On MarsCorrect.com): KEVIN GALLAGHER INTERVIEWS BARRY ROFFMAN ON THE TOPIC OF MARS CORRECT RESEARCH.

APRIL 8, 2016: The REMS Team again publishes bizarre pressure spikes at MSL - including one above the capacity of the pressure sensor. Will they alter their data again now that we point it out? See Table 1 plus Figures 3, 4 and 5 here for details.

APRIL 11, 2016: The answer to the above question is yes. What we do here looks like meteorological prediction. But it is really behavioral and political analysis.

 

FEBRUARY 23, 2016: Comparison of Ultraviolet Radiation at Gale Crater, Mars for MSL Years 1 and 2. This page underwent major revisions on 2/22/2016 after the FMI/REMS Team/JPL read the issues we raised about low UV and then tossed out all low UV data. More and more REMS data seems to be a reaction to critiques on our Report and on this site rather than an illustration of actual conditions found on Mars.

 

FEBRUARY 16, 2016: Warm Winter Ground Temperatures (many above freezing) at MSL and Possible Life Seen In Conjunction With Them.

We look at whether slope plays a role in the warm temperatures as is the case with Recurring Slope Lineae associated with running water on Mars.

  JANUARY 17, 2016: Possible spherical life spotted on Mars by MSL.

 

MARS SCIENCE LABORATORY DAILY WEATHER REPORTS

MARS SCIENCE LAB SOLS and  LINKS

SOLAR LONGITUDE (Ls)

SEASONS

1-669

 150 to 150

4 SEASONS: Note: JPL labels the first year of MSL on Mars as Year 0. We call it Year 1. Although we looked at revising everything we have on all web sites to conform with JPL, the number of changes required is too massive. When it doubt about the year check the sol number involved. Their Year 1 is our Year 2, their Year 2  is our Year 3.

670 to 866

151 to 270

WINTER TO SUMMER YEAR 2

865 to 1,020

 270 to 0 (360)

SUMMER YEAR 2

1,019 to 1,213

 0 to 90

FALL YEAR 2

1,213 to 1,392

 90 to 180

WINTER YEAR 2-3

1,392 to 1,534

180 to 270

SPRING YEAR 3

1,534 to 1687

270 to 0 (360)

SUMMER YEAR 3

1688 to 1881

0 to 90

FALL YEAR 3

1881 and onward

 90 to 180

WINTER YEAR 3-4

COMPARISONS BETWEEN MSL YEAR 0 AND MSL YEAR 1 DATA FOR THE SAME LS
Pressure and Ultraviolet Radiation    
High Air and Ground Temperatures for MSL  

Note 1: Ground temperature sensor is only accurate to 10K.

Note 2 dated February 5, 2016: There are unexpected ground temperatures at or above freezing for almost every sol for 3 weeks after the start of MSL Year 1's winter.

Low Air and Ground Temperatures for MSL    
Diurnal Air Temperature Variation at MSL    

 For Fahrenheit temperatures at MSL between Ls 151 (its late winter) and Ls 270 (its first day of summer in its Martian Year 2 see Mars Temps Fahrenheit.

 

For my doctoral thesis see ROSONANT SURFACE SCATTERING ON NANOWIRES.

 

HOT: The figure below sums up the first 866 sols of pressure at MSL. See the artcle about MSL Year 2 weather for further details,

                            TABLE OF CONTENTS for 

MAR CORRECT: CRITIQUE OF ALL NASA MARS WEATHER DATA

                           (Updated August 28, 2017)

 

                                         TABLE OF CONTENTS                              

Table of Contents

iii

ABSTRACT

1

1. INTRODUCTION

2

   1.1 Comparison of Martian and terrestrial dust devils

3

     1.1.1 Geographic Occurrences and the Greenhouse and Thermophoresis Effect

4

     1.1.2 Seasonal Occurrences and Electrical Properties

4

     1.1.3. Size and Shape

4

     1.1.4. Diurnal Formation Rate and Lifetime

5

     1.1.5 Wind Speeds

5

     1.1.6 Core Temperature Excursions

5

     1.1.7 Dust Particle Size – The Problem of Martian Dust <2 Microns and Wind Speeds

5

     1.1.8. Core Pressure Excursions

5

   1.2. NASA Ames Test of Martian Pressures and Dust Devils

8

2. OVERVIEW OF PRESSURE INSTRUMENTATION PROBLEMS

9

   2.1 Viking 2 and Gay-Lussac’s Law

11

   2.2 Pathfinder and Phoenix Pressure Issues

16

   2.3. Which Transducers Were Used?

19

   2.4. Issues Raised by the FMI

20

2.5. DID ANY TAVIS OR VAISALA TRANSDUCERS PEG OUT AT THEIR MAXIMUM PRESSURES?

26

    2.5.1 How extraordinary was the (temporary) 1,149 Pa pressure spike of MSL Sol 370?

26

     2.5.2. The importance of gleaning data from identification of our web site readers.

27

    2.5.3 Why is it so wrong to alter data to fit an expected curve?

33

   2.6 The Dust filter on Viking

37

      2.6.1. The issue of Viking pressure reports and digitization

37

     2.6.2. The issue of daily pressure spikes at consistent time-bins

38

2.7. MSL Weather Reporting Fiasco

43

3. CAVES ON AND SPIRAL CLOUDS ABOVE ARSIA MONS AND OLYMPUS MONS ON MARS.

46

4. THE ISSUES OF SNOW, WATER ICE, AND CARBON DIOXIDE ON MARS.

48

   4.1. Annual Pressure Fluctuations Recorded by Viking 1, Viking 2, and Phoenix -   Maximum Pressure in the Northern Winter?

49

4.1.1. Ls of minimum pressure

49

4.1.2. Ls of maximum pressure

49

5. RADIO OCCULTATION

61

5.1 Shifting Standards – The Relationship of the MOLA Topography of Mars to the Mean Atmospheric Pressure

63

6.  SPECTROSCOPY PRESSURE READINGS BY MARS EXPRESS ORBITER.

66

7. MARTIAN WIND PROBLEMS

67

   7.1 Anemometer/Telltale Wind Speed Issues

68

   7.2 Martian Bedforms – Too Much Movement of Sand Dunes and Ripples for 6.1 mbar

69

   7.2.1 Issues Raised by the paper on Planet-wide sand motion on Mars by Bridges et al. (2012)

70

8. DO DOWNRANGE LANDINGS MEAN THINNER OR THICKER AIR?

75

9. DUST OPACITY AND PRESSURE

78

10. EXCESSIVE DECELERATION DURING AEROBRAKING OPERATIONS

79

   10.1 Mars Global Surveyor (MGS)

80

   10.2 Mars Reconnaissance Orbiter (MRO)

80

11. MARS PATHFINDER PRESSURES

81

12. THE POTENTIAL PRESSURE ON MARS

82

   12.1 Did NASA ever publicly back 20 mbar on Mars?

82

   12.2 Biology, Methane, and a Possible Hint of the Real Martian Air Pressure

84

   12.3 Recurring Slope Lineae (RSL), Perchlorates and Running Water on Mars

87

     12.3.1 Length of daylight where RSL are found

88

     12.3.2 Latitudes, times and temperatures for evidence of running water

88

     12.3.3 The role of perchlorates in RSL

88

    12.4 Other Water on Mars – the Frozen Sea at Utopia Planitia

93

   12.5 The High End of Pressure Estimates for Mars

95

   12.6. Pressure Drop as MSL Climbs Mt. Sharp vs. Scale Height Predictions.

99

13. RELATIVE HUMIDITY

108

14. TEMPERATURE MEASUREMENT CONCERNS

111

    14.1. Ground Temperature Problems

113

    14.2. Winter Ground Temperatures above freezing in MSL Year 2

119

    14.3. Why the early winter ground temperatures are so important and possible life seen on Sol 1185

119

    14.4. MSL Air and Ground Temperature Differences.

123

    14.5. MSL Diurnal Temperature Variations

126

       14.5.1. Why does the temperature fall more degrees at MSL in summer nights than winter nights?

130

   14.6. Probable Failure of the Ground Temperature Sensor or Personnel Issues?

130

      14.6.1 Failure of the Temperature Sensor.

136

      14.6.2 Personnel Issues.

136

      14.6.3 Mixed messages about the range and sensitivity of pressure sensors sent to Mars.

138

      14.6.4. A Possible Excuse for REMS Errors.

143

15. ULTRAVIOLET RADIATION AND CLOUD COVER AT MSL.

144

15.1 Solar Longitude for sols at MSL with very high and low ultraviolet radiation.

146

16. CRASH OF THE EXOMARS 2016 SCHIAPARELLI LANDER

149

17. CONCLUSIONS

153

18. RECOMMENDATIONS

160

19. ACKNOWLEDGEMENTS

161

AFTERWORD: What difference could this all possibly make?

162

20. REFERENCES

169

 

LIST OF ILLUSTRATIONS IN THE BASIC REPORT

FIGURE

TOPIC

PAGE

1

Arsia Mons dust devils

3

2

Utah dust devil pressure drop

5

3

Pressure drops at Phoenix and Pathfinder

5

4

Relative magnitude of 0.62 mbar increase in pressure for Viking 1 at its sol 332.3 and pressure drops or 79 convective vortices/dust devils at Mars pathfinder

6

5A

First photo from the surface of Mars and dust kicked up

10

5B

Rocks on the deck of the MSL Curiosity

10

6

Pressure calculator with Gay-Lussac Pressure Law and Viking 2 results.

12

7

Prediction success totals per time-bin and corresponding % of successful predictions.

15

8

Sample of Annex F – Viking 1 daily pressure predictions & measurements with cyclic accuracies for pressure predictions

15

9A-9C

Relationship of temperature changes to pressure changes on Viking 2

15

10A

Tavis Viking CAD Diagram 10011

17

10B

Tavis Pathfinder CAD Diagram 10484

18

10C

Three different Tavis transducers

19

11A

Vaisala pressure transducer on Phoenix and MSL

20

11B

Relative size of dust filters for Mars landers

21

12A

Pressure and Temperatures Recorded by Phoenix

22

12B

Except for Sol 370 the black MSL pressure curve is suspiciously too close to the Viking 2 curve above it and the Viking 1 curve below it. 

23

13

Quality control Individuals test.

26

14A

MSL sensor pegged out at max pressure

28

14B

MSL pressure sols 369-371

29

14C

The REMS team alters the critical MSL Sol 370 pressure data

30

14D

Ashima Research has not yet altered the critical MSL Sol 370 pressure data

30

14E

REMS also alters pressures for Sols 1160 and 1161.

31

14F

REMS again revises pressures for Sols 1300 and 1301.

32

14G

REMS alters temperature data too when it is off the curve.

33

15A

MSL REMS Block Diagram

34

15B

Real Mars Sky Color

34

16A

VL-1 pressures of .26 to .3 time-bins & .3 to .34 time-bins. Sols 1-116.

39

16B

VL-1 pressures of .26 to .3 time-bins & .3 and .34 time-bins. Sols 134 -199.

39

16C

VL-1 pressures of .26 to .3 time-bins & .3 and .34 time-bins. Sols 200-219.

39

16D

VL-1 pressures of .26 to .3 time-bins & .3 and .34 time-bins. Sols 220-304

39

16E

VL-1 pressures of .26 to .3 time-bins & .3 and .34 time-bins. Sols 305-334

40

16F

VL-1 pressures of .26 to .3 time-bins & .3 and .34 time-bins. Sols 335-350

40

16G

VL-2 pressures of .26 to .3 time-bins & .3 and .34 time-bins. Sols 156-175

40

16H

VL-2 pressures of .26 to .3 time-bins & .3 and .34 time-bins. Sols 176-199.

40

16I

VL-2 pressures of .26 to .3 time-bins & .3 and .34 time-bins. Sols 201-260.

41

16J

VL-2 pressures of .26 to .3 time-bins & .3 and .34 time-bins. Sols 261-290.

41

16K

VL-2 pressures of .26 to .3 time-bins & .3 and .34 time-bins. Sols 291- 305.

41

16L

VL-2 pressures of .26 to .3 time-bins & .3 and .34 time-bins. Sols 306-361

41

17A

REMS Team data confusion

44

17B

Data day length and wind report changes from Ashima Research due to our efforts

44

18A-D

Inverse relationship between MSL pressures and temperatures

45

19

Caves on Arsia Mons

47

20

Spiral clouds over Arsia Mons and Olympus Mons

47

21A

1,177Pa and 1,200 Pa maximum pressures published

50

21B

Approximate display of how MSL pressure data fits in with VL-2, VL-1 and Phoenix data. 

51

22

Ashima Research does not support exact minimum MSL pressures published by the REMS Team

52

23

Pressure curve for MSL’s first 866 sols.

58

24

Radio Occultation Points on Mars with locations of Olympus Mons and Arsia Mons indicated

64

25

MOLA map of Mars with topographic features, landing sites, and methane plumes

65

26A

Mars Express OMEGA spectroscopy-derive surface pressures

66

26B

Four years of in situ pressures at Viking 1 lander site

66

27

Phoenix telltale waving in Martian wind

68

28

Wind speeds recorded at Viking 1 for its sols 1 to 116 and 134 to 350

71

29

Wind speeds recorded at Viking 2 for its sols 1 to 399

72

30

Erasure of Spirit’s tracks during the 2007 global dust storm

73

31

Dust Storms and pressures recorded at Vikings 1 and 2.

74

32

Reconstructed density for Spirit landing

76

33

Reconstructed density for  Opportunity entry

76

34

Reconstructed density for Phoenix entry

77

35

Dust Storm at Luke Air Forces Base, July 5, 2011.

78

36

Opacity changes at Opportunity from sols 1205 to 1235.

79

37

VL1 pressure and opacity

79

38

Actual Dynamic Pressure – normalized to an altitude of 121 km

80

39A

Time-averaged surface pressures for 30 sols of Pathfinder

81

39B

Diurnal pressure cycle for MSL Sol  10 and MPF Sols 9 and 10

82

40

History of beliefs about Martian Atmospheric Pressure

83

41A

Sample Analysis at Mars (SAM)

84

41B

Methane spikes seen by MSL at Gale Crater.

85

42A-I plus Plates 5 and 6

The Color of the Martian Sky

86

43A

Recurring Slope Lineae (RSL)

90

43B

Location of RSL on Mars

91

43C

Projected surface and subsurface temperature to 10 cm depth at Melas Chasma

91

43D

Relation between temperature, season & direction for RSL at Melas Chasma

91

43E

Spectroscopy, RSL & perchlorates/Perchlorates and boiling point on Mars

92

43F

Map of Utopia Planitia where a water ice sea was found on Mars

94

44

Pressure predictions based on stratus clouds 16 km over Mars Pathfinder

98

45

Gale Crater topographic map

101

46

Comparison of scale heights in The Martian Climate Revisited and on a NASA web site.

104

47

Comparison of pressure readings by Viking 1, Viking 2, Mars Phoenix, and MSL

107

48

Relative humidity is missing from REMS weather reports

108

49

Relative humidity claims for Gale crater

109

50

Relative humidity in the blast zone, arriving at Rocknest, leaving Rocknest and at Glenelg in Gale Crater.

110

51

The REMS Team drops above freezing temperatures to below freezing

112

52

Huge uncertainty of MSL ground temperatures

113

53A

MSL temperature sensor range

114

53B

MSL ground temperature sensor

115

53C

Mars Science Laboratory high air and ground temperatures for 2+ Martian years.

116

53D

Mars Science Laboratory low air and ground temperatures for 2+ Martian years.

117

54

Unaveraged periodic temperature data from Mars Pathfinder (0.25 meters to 1 meter height)

118

55

The green spherical and cocoon-like objects seen on sols 1185 and 1189. The green spheres might be photosynthetic life.

120

56

Elevations and ground temperatures encountered while MSL was at positions noted by JPL. Possible life was seen on Sol 1185, along with a warmer than expected high ground temperature. The position noted for MSL for Sol 1248 is a return to within 20 meters of where the potential life was seen before. Then it moved within about 10 meters of the site.

121

57

Some of the unusually warm ground temperatures including five above freezing seen early in MSL Year 2 Winter.

122

58

Diurnal drop in high temperatures from the ground up to 1.5 meters above ground level at MSL

123

59

Graph of air temperature drops at MSL for its summer (Year 2) and winter (Year 2 to 3)

123

60

Location of meteorological sensors on Booms 1 and 2 of MSL

125

61

While low air temperatures for sols 1670 and 1671 were both -76° C, the ground temperature lows differed by 30° C.

129

62

Sols 1720 to 1721 – Record low of -136° C.

129

63

MSL Sols 1717 to 1721 topography with altitudes below areoid with low air and ground temperatures posted by the REMS Team.

131

64A

Figure 64A -   JPL identified positions and MOLA altitudes for sols 1639 to 1671.  Low air and ground temperatures were added based on REMS Team weather reports. More temperature detail is found on Figure 63B.

132

64B

 JPL published the positions for MSL Sols 1635, 1636, 1639, 1642, 1643, 1645, 1646, 1648 and 1649. During these dates low ground temperatures varied between -79° and -93° C. However, the dates that they did not show had ground temperature lows that varied from -80° and -111° C with five temperatures colder than -101° C, the coldest temperature ever observed by MSL.

133

65

Alteration of REMS Team report for Sol 1605 after we questioned it.

It is quite apparent that before March, 2017 reports that vary too  much from the preceding day or previous Martian year at the same Ls do not survive long at the REMS site at  http://cab.inta-csic.es/rems/en

137

66

Viking 1 and Viking 2 error in unit conversion

139

67

The REMS Team would not permit low temperatures warmer than -50°  C.

140

68

Print-screen (recorded on July 23, 2017) of the FMI Abstract entitled Pressure and Humidity Measurements at the MSL Landing Site Supported by Modeling of the Atmospheric Conditions.

141

69

The Vaisla Pressure sensor and its range as depicted by Spaceflight101.com. (1150 Pa top pressure)

142

70

REMS puts out a new maximum pressure for MSL. This time it’s 1400 Pa (14 mbar).

143

71

Initial low µv values reported by the REMS Team and how the reports were altered. All low µv values between Sol 608 (April 22, 2014) and Sol 1200 on December 22, 2015 were obliterated by February 22, 2016.

147

72

Original distribution of very high and low µv values at Gale Crater as related to solar longitude as Mars orbits around the sun.

148

68

The true blue color of Mars

165

 

 

TABLES IN THE BASIC REPORT

TABLE

TOPIC

PAGE

1

Pressure at various elevations on Mars based on a scale height of 10.8 and a pressure at Mars Areoid of 6.1 mbar. 

8

2

Viking 1 cyclic accuracies for pressure predictions.

12

3

Pressures revised by JPL/MSL after we highlighted them

24-25

4A

Sample of how the Mars Correct team tracks weather data published by the REMS Team/JPL

36

4B

Digitization limitations and the specific pressures reported by VL-2 for its first summer on Mars

38

5

Viking 1 Time-bin pressure and temperature change studies

42

6

Viking 2 Time-bin pressure and temperature change studies               

43

7

Pressures @ LS 90 and minimum pressures seen by VL-1, VL-2 and MSL

53

8

Landers and expected pressures based on landing altitude

54

9

Comparison of Viking 1 and Viking 2 Pressures for Ls 270

55

10

Variations in day length at Ls 70 South

56

11

Comparison of Martian Pressures via Radio Occultation & Calculated Scale Height Calculations

61

12

Six attempts by Mariners 4, 6 and 7 to measure pressure by radio occultation.

62

13

Profile of the windiest Viking day on Mars

70

14

Calculation for pressure at Utopia Planitia (Based on 6.1 mbar at areoid)

93

15

Pressure and altitudes for MSL Years 2 and 3 between Ls 11 and 19

100

16A

Pressure calculations for altitudes discussed above using a scale height of 10.8 km

102

16B

Pressure calculations for altitudes discussed above using a scale height of 11.1 km

103

17

Pressures over 925 Pa revised by JPL/REMS after we highlighted them or published them in earlier version of our Report

105

18

MSL temperatures altered by the REMS Team in July, 2013

111

19

Usually warm ground temperatures early in the winter of MSL year 2

120

20

Coldest air and ground temperatures for the first 29 Martian months of MSL operations on mars

127-128

21

MSL maximum and minimum air and ground temperatures Sols 1634 to 1684

134-135

22

Ultraviolet radiation reported through 1,256 sols at MSL (before NASA eliminated all low ultraviolet radiation values).

144

23

REMS-revised μv radiation reported through 1,328 sols after all 19 original low μv values were dropped.

145

24

Predicted and actual times of major events in Schiaparelli EDL

151

 

ANNEXES (with links) AND APPENDICES

 

SECTION

TOPIC

PAGE

Annex Abstract

Overview of data in the Annexes

A-1

ANNEX A

VIKING 1 MORNING PRESSURE AND TEMPERATURE CHANGES and Mars Time-Bin Clock.

http://marscorrect.com/ANNEX%20A%203%20SEP%202013.pdf

A-2 to

A-59

ANNEX A Appendix 1

VL-1 pressures of .26 to .3 time-bins & .3 to .34 time-bins. Sols 1-116.

http://marscorrect.com/ANNEX%20A%203%20SEP%202013.pdf

A-3 to A-22

Appendix 2

VL-1 pressures of .26 to .3 time-bins & .3 and .34 time-bins. Sols 134-199.

A-23 to

A-34

Appendix 3

VL-1 pressures of .26 to .3 time-bins & .3 and .34 time-bins. Sols 200-219.

A-35 to A-38

Appendix 4

VL-1 pressures of .26 to .3 time-bins & .3 and .34 time-bins. Sols 220-304

A-39 to    A-50

Appendix 5

VL-1 pressures of .26 to .3 time-bins & .3 and .34 time-bins. Sols 305-334

A-51 to    A-55

Appendix 6

VL-1 pressures of .26 to .3 time-bins & .3 and .34 time-bins. Sols 335-350

A-56 to    A-59

ANNEX B

VIKING 2 MORNING PRESSURE AND TEMPERATURE CHANGES

http://marscorrect.com/ANNEX%20B%209%20September%202013.pdf

B-1 to B-39

Appendix 1

VL-2 pressures of .26 to .3 time-bins & .3 and .34 time-bins. Sols 156-175

B-2 to B-5

Appendix 2

VL-2 pressures of .26 to .3 time-bins & .3 and .34 time-bins. Sols 176-199.

B-6 to B-10

Appendix 3

VL-2 pressures of .26 to .3 time-bins & .3 and .34 time-bins. Sols 201-260.

B-11 to     B-20

 

Appendix 4

 

VL-2 pressures of .26 to .3 time-bins & .3 and .34 time-bins. Sols 261-290.

B-21 to     B-26

Appendix 5

VL-2 pressures of .26 to .3 time-bins & .3 and .34 time-bins. Sols 291-305.

B-27 to     B-30

Appendix 6

VL-2 pressures of .26 to .3 time-bins & .3 and .34 time-bins. Sols 306-361

B-31 to     B-39

ANNEX C

VIKING 2 STUCK PRESSURE GAUGE

http://marscorrect.com/ANNEX%20C%209%20September%202013.pdf

C-1 to C-54

ANNEX D

PERCENT DIFFERENCES BETWEEN MEASURED PRESSURES ON VIKING AND GAY-LUSSAC/ AMONTON’S LAW-BASED PREDICTIONS

http://marscorrect.com/ANNEX%20D%20%209%20September%202013.pdf

D-1 to D-171

Appendix 1

Viking 1 Sols 1 to 199

D-3 to D-94

Appendix 2

Viking 1 Sols 200 to 350

D-95 to    D-171

ANNEX E

Measured vs. Predicted Pressure Percent Differences for Viking-1 Time-bins 0.3 and 0.34 http://marscorrect.com/ANNEX%20E%209%20September%202013.pdf

E-1 to E-14

ANNEX F

Percent Difference Experimental Summary

http://marscorrect.com/ANNEX%20F%20%2010%20September%202013.pdf

F-1 to F-18

Appendix 1

Percent Difference Flow Chart for Viking 1 Sols 1 to 116 & 200 to 350

F-5 to F-16

Appendix 2

Histogram with temperatures at successful predictions per time-bins

F-17 to     F-18

ANNEX G

Tavis Transducer Specifications and Test Results

http://marscorrect.com/ANNEX%20G%2010%20September%202013.pdf

G-1 to G-13

 

ANNEX H

Calibration Effort for the Mars Pathfinder Tavis Pressure Transducer and IMP Windsock Experiment

http://marscorrect.com/Annex%20H%20%209%20September%202013.pdf

H-1 to H-43

ANNEX I

Pressures Reported by the Rover Environmental Monitoring Station (REMS).

http://marscorrect.com/ANNEX%20I%209%20September%202013.pdf

I-1 to I-28

Appendix 1

Print Screen Record of Original REMS Team and Ashima Research MSL Weather Reports

I-12 to I-28

ANNEX J

Concessions by Ashima Research and How to Correctly Calculate Daylight Hours for MSL

http://marscorrect.com/ANNEX%20J%20%209%20September%202013.pdf

J- 1to J-19

ANNEX K

REMS Team and Ashima Research Weather Reports from Sol 15 to Sol 299.

http://marscorrect.com/ANNEX%20L%2010%20SEP%202013.pdf

K-1 to K-34

ANNEX L

How Martian Day Length  Varies with Ls and Latitude

http://marscorrect.com/ANNEX%20L%20July%2014%202014.pdf

L-1 to L-10

ANNEX M

One Year of MSL Weather Reports http://marscorrect.com/Annex%20M%20JULY%2014%202014.pdf

M-1 to M-38

ANNEX N

Weather Reports for MSL Year 2 Ls 151 to Ls 270 (late winter to end of spring), Sols 670 to 864  http://marscorrect.com/ANNEX%20N.pdf

N-1 to N-13

ANNEX O

Weather Reports for MSL Year 2 Ls 270 to Ls 0  (summer), Sols 865 to 1,020 http://marscorrect.com/ANNEX%20O.pdf

O-1 to O-11

ANNEX P

Weather Reports for MSL Year 2 Ls 0 to Ls 90  (autumn), Sols 1019 to 1,213 http://marscorrect.com/ANNEX%20P.pdf

P-1 to P-15

ANNEX Q

Weather Reports for MSL Year 2 to 3 Winter, Ls 90 to Ls 180 (Sols 1,213 to 1,392) http://marscorrect.com/ANNEX%20Q.pdf

Q-1 to Q-18

ANNEX R

Weather Reports for MSL Year 3 Spring, Ls 180 to Ls 270 (Sols 1,392 to 1,534

http://marscorrect.com/ANNEX%20R%20REVISED.pdf

R-1 to R-37

ANNEX S

Two Martian Years of MSL High Air and Ground Temperatures

http://marscorrect.com/ANNEX%20S.pdf

S-1 to S41

ANNEX T

Two Martian Years of MSL Low Air and Ground Temperatures

http://marscorrect.com/ANNEX%20T%20TO.pdf

T-1 to T-64

ANNEX U

Comparison of Ultraviolet Radiation and Pressures at Gale Crater, Mars for MSL Years 1 and 2

http://marscorrect.com/ANNEX%20U.pdf

U-1 to U-28

ANNEX V

Weather Reports for MSL Year 3 Summer, Ls 270 to Ls 0 (Sols 1,534 to 1,686

http://marscorrect.com/ANNEX%20V.pdf

V-1 to V-28

 

LIST OF ILLUSTRATIONS IN ANNEX A

FIGURE

TOPIC

PAGE

1

Martian Time-Bin Clock

A-2

 

LIST OF ILLUSTRATIONS IN ANNEX F

 

FIGURE

TOPIC

PAGE

1

Prediction success totals per time-bin.

F-1

2

% Differences between measured & predicted pressures as a function of time

F-2

 

LIST OF ILLUSTRATIONS IN ANNEX G

 

FIGURE

TOPIC

PAGE

1

Tavis pressure sensors tested according to the Alvin Seiff papers

G-1

2

Tavis Viking CAD Diagram 10011

G-2

3

NASA Report No. TM X-74020 (Mitchell Report: Tavis Transducer Tests)

G-3

4

Photo of the Tavis P-4 pressure sensor

G-4

5

Transducer Selection Slide by Professor James E. Tillman

G-6

6

Tavis Pathfinder CAD Diagram 10484

G-7

7

Design diagrams for Tavis transducers (Models P-1, P-2, P-4, P-5, P-6, P-7 and P-8)

G-8

 

8

P-4 Transducers (S/N 1583 and S/N 1591) used for test of Viking pressures sensors after the launch of the two Vikings.

G-9

9

Relative sizes of dust filters used for Tavis and Vaisala transducers.

G-9

10

Table of Characteristics of Tavis transducers (Models P-1, P-2, P-4, P-5, P-6, P-7 & P-8)

G-10

11

Tavis Transducer purchasing information

G-11

12

Temperature Malfunction During (Viking) Cruise Environment

G-13

 

LIST OF ILLUSTRATIONS IN ANNEX I

 

FIGURE

TOPIC

PAGE

1

Pressure data for MSL Sols 10.5 to 13

I-1

2

MSL temperature data for Sols 10 to 11.5

I-1

3A

REMS Team and Ashima Research coverage of weather at MSL back in August, 2012, and how Ashima was forced to alter their reports on May 11, 2013.

I-2

3B

REMS Team coverage of weather at MSL back in August, 2012, and how their data was revised again on July 3, 2013.

I-3

4

REMS Weather Booms on MSL

I-5

5

Close up of MSL Weather Booms

I-5

6a to 6d

Temperature and pressure were inversely related for the MSL

I-8

7

Combined VL-1, VL-2, Phoenix and MSL Pressure Curves to MSL at Ls 10

I-9

8

MSL pressure graph Ls 158.8 to 199.9

I-10

6

REMS team and Ashima Research reporting problems

I-12

 

LIST OF ILLUSTRATIONS IN ANNEX J

 

1

Position of Mars at the start of each of its 12 months.

J-4

 

LIST OF ILLUSTRATIONS IN ANNEX L

 

1

Changing Martian weather data from the REMS Team.

L-2

 

LIST OF ILLUSTRATIONS IN ANNEX M

 

1

Pressure changes reported for Sol 370.

M-7

2

Pressure changes for Sols 29 and 30

M-38

3

Who is ordering REMS reports temperature changes?

M-40

4

Weather sensors on MSL Curiosity

M-41

5

VL1-, VL-2, Phoenix and MSL pressure curves

M-43

 

LIST OF ILLUSTRATIONS IN ANNEX N

 

1

MSL pressure data up through its Sol 866, Ls 270 – start of the second summer at MSL

N-2

 

LIST OF ILLUSTRATIONS IN ANNEX O

 

1

MSL pressure data up to Ls 270, start of the second summer

O-1

2

MSL Sol 880 data changes after we highlighted problems

O-9

3

MSL Sol 1006 data changes after we highlighted problems

O-10

4

Mistakes and significant data alterations early on cast real doubt on the accuracy or honesty of MSL weather data.   

O-11

 

LIST OF ILLUSTRATIONS IN ANNEX P

 

1

JPL makes changes to Sol 1,119 data that we predicted

P-12

2

MSL Sol 1145 data changes after we highlighted problems

P-13

3

MSL Sol 1160 and 1161 pressures that are record highs and above the 1,150 Pa limit of the Vaisala pressure sensor

P-14

 

LIST OF ILLUSTRATIONS IN ANNEX S

 

1

Range of high air and ground temperatures through MSL Years 1 and 2.

S-1

2

REMS weather reports published for MSL Sols 1234 to 1241. Note all the ground temperature highs above 0 degrees Celsius and the incredibly low ground temperature at night – down to -100 degrees Celsius on Sol 1241.

S-2

 

LIST OF ILLUSTRATIONS IN ANNEX U

 

1

UV at MSL in Gale Crater, Mars up through its sol 1021 and the beginning of its second autumn on Mars. The REMS Team/JPL dropped all low values by February, 2016

U-2

2A

The color for UV used on REMS reports.

 

U-20

2B

Dose rate at MSL in micrograys per day related to UV levels published on the REMS reports (see Table 2) for ~300 sols

 

U-20

3A to 3F

Relative positions of Mars and Earth when Low Ultraviolet radiations was originally reported by REMS on Mars.

U-23

4

Stratus clouds seen 1 hours 40 minutes before sunrise at Mars Pathfinder. If the atmosphere there is as thin as NASA claims it is doubtful that there would be light so far before sunrise.

U-24

5

Opportunity turned its rover eyes skyward to observe clouds drifting overhead that look like cirrus clouds on Earth.

 

U-26

6

Solar longitude (Ls) for Mars when MSL Curiosity originally measured very high UV or low UV. Again, after they read this article, they dropped all the low UV values.

U-27

7

UV, Latitude and Altitude

U-28

 

LIST OF ILLUSTRATIONS IN ANNEX V

 

1

Sol 1553 to 1554 temperature and pressure anomalies and JPL fix after we highlighted the problem with Sol 1554 pressure and max temperatures.

V-23

2

REMS report for Sol 1575.

V-23

3

Figure 3 - The 35 Pa pressure drop and warm low temperatures on Sol 1605 was altered as predicted

V-24

4

Figure 4 – As predicted, odd data for Sol 1610 was altered – in this case totally deleted

V-25

5

Figure 5 - The ground temperature drop for Sol 1640 was not revised. This marked the beginning of strangely cold temperatures that went unchanged.

V-26

6

Figure 6 - Insane variation in night air to ground temperatures between MSL Sols 1643 and 1650

V-27

 

LIST OF TABLES IN ANNEX S

 

1

Usually Warm Ground Temperatures Early in the Winter of MSL Year 2

S-2

2

High air and ground temperatures for MSL Years 1 and 2.

S-4 to S-40

 

LIST OF TABLES IN ANNEX U

 

1

UV values for MSL Years 1 and 2 before and after JPL dropped all low UV values

U-1

2

Solar Longitude, Pressures and Ultraviolet Radiation for MSL During its First Two Martian Years.

U-3 to

U-19

3

The relationships (if any) of solar longitude (Ls), lander altitude, lander latitude, day light hours each sol and UV recorded.

U-21

4

15 Sols with low ultraviolet radiation at Gale Crater Mars and the corresponding UV for these dates in Las Vegas, Nevada BEFORE the REMS Team and JPL dropped all low pressure data.

U-24

 

 

 

DATE

MARS-RELATED ARTICLES

August 6, 2017.

Alleged Secrets of Mars

May 12, 2017

PowerPoint version of our Basic Report is found at Mars Correct? Mars is Wet!

May 12, 2017

Newest version of our Basic Report for Mars Correct - Critique of All NASA Mars Weather Data

April 8, 2016

Sol 1300 and 1301 pressure anomalies.

March 27, 2016

MSL Day Length and Temperatures

March 8, 2016

Comparison of low air and ground temperatures at MSL for its year 1 and 2 on Mars.

FEBRUARY 10, 2016

Warm Winter Ground Temperatures (many above freezing) at MSL and Possible Life Seen In Conjunction With Them.

January 28, 2016

Comparison of high air and ground temperatures at MSL for its year 0 and 1 on Mars.

Note: Unexpected high ground temperatures above freezing early in the winter of MSL Year 2 (at least Ls 94 to 99, Sols 1221 to 1233).

January 28, 2016

An updated version of MARS CORRECT: CRITIQUE OF ALL NASA MARS WEATHER DATA.This version includes a new Annex P which sums up the weather at MSL for the autumn in MSL Year 2 (Sols 1,019 to 1,213, Ls 0 to 90)

January 24, 2016

Histories of MSL Sol 370, 1160 and 1161 pressures changes by REMS and Ashima Sites

January 17, 2016.

Possible spheric life spotted on Mars by MSL.

January 13, 2016

PowerPoint version of Mars Correct: Critique of All NASA Mars Weather Data

October 19, 2015

Lights on Ceres. This update includes new photos from an altitude of 915 miles/1,170 km.

October 12, 2015

RUNNING WATER FOUND MANY PLACES ON MARS.  How long can NASA maintain disinformation that backs near vacuum pressures on Mars?

 

August 27, 2015 MSL YEAR 1 MARS WEATHER DATA AND DATA REVISIONS  
July 20, 2015 My father was interviewed again about our Mars weather research on the the John Moore Show. The interviewer was Tim Spencer. The interview starts about about 1 hour 11 minutes into the 2+ hour show at http://www.thejohnmooreshow.com/.  

July 3, 2015

MSL Year 1 Summer Weather Data (Ls 270 to 360/0).

June 25, 2015

Possible explanations for why ultraviolet radiation measured by MSL on Mars varies from very high down to low.

May 19, 2015

Ultraviolet Radiation on Mars.

April 17, 2015

JPL Assertion of Brine at Gale Crater, Mars.

April 9, 2015

Gilbert Levin, the Man Who Found Life on Mars

March 30, 2015

Organic chemicals found on Mars

FEB 26, 2015

Martian Air Oxygen Content and possible plant life on Mars.

FEB 17,  2015

155-Mile High plume seen over Mars

FEB 5, 2015

 Solar Longitude of Maximum and Minimum Pressures on Mars

JAN 19 2015

British Mars lander Beagle 2 finally found but coordinates yield amount off course that is in dispute.

JAN 12 2015


Updated remarks on the MSL Press Conference of November 15 2012

JAN 12 2015

Does the Gillespie Lake rock outcrop point to past life on Mars? (under construction)

JAN 12 2015

MSL MARTIAN YEAR 1 WEATHER DATA

JAN 5 2015

High and Low Martian air pressures normalized to areoid.

JAN 4 2015

Relationship of the MOLA Topography of Mars to Mean atmospheric pressure

DEC 25 2014

Mars MAVEN and the Search for ancient Martian Seas

DEC 19 2014

Comparison of Pressures for similar Ls for VL2 and MSL

DEC 18 2014

Martian atmospheric Composition/Methane on Mars

DEC 17 2014

Methane plus chlorobenzene and other organic chemicals found at Gale Crater on Mars.

DEC 12 2014

Ashima/MIT Mars General Circulation Model

NOV 30 2014

Dust Storm Nonsense

24 NOV 2014

Was there a nuclear blast on Mars?

NOV 19 2014

Mars Pathfinder Pressure findings

NOV 9 2014

How JPL fudges Martian Pressures to make them fit the expected curve.       (under construction)

OCT 27 2014

Sand Movement and Martian Pressure

SEP 20 2014

Radio interview sums up Mars Air pressure findings

JUL 11 2014

MSL MARTIAN YEAR 0 WEATHER DATA

JUN 25 2014

Mars Lander data reliability debate with Dr. Ingersoll

MAY 26 2014

Mystery of a moving rock on Mars

MAY 25 2014

Pressure update of August 25, 2013 - new data released by the REMS team blew away previous pressure measurements!

MAY 22 2014

Sanity Check for Relative Humidity at MSL

MAY 14 2014

Navigating Mars

MAY 14 2014

Phobos Grunt Failure (in 2011)

APR 29 2014

Proof Viking Pressure Sensors failed


APR 17 2014

Lander altitude

APR 14 2014

Mars Geology and life in the ancient Martian oceans: Findings of Curiosity.

APR 14 2014

Mars sky color

APR 11 2014

REMS & Ashima MSL date and sol numbering problems


APR 10 2014

Martian sunrise & sunset calculations by Barry & David Roffman


APR 9 2014

REMS Wind Boom Problems


APR 7 2014

Relative humidity at MSL. 

APR 4 2014

Curiosity and ancient life on Mars


APR 4 2014

Martian sky color controversy


APR 3 2014

MSL temperature change from 1.5 meters AGL to the ground

http://davidaroffman.com/photo2_11.html

APR 3 2014

MSL summer weather reports by the REMS Team & Ashima

APR 2 2014

Original MSL Weather Record (up to Sol 199)


MAR 18 2014

MSL credibility problems

JAN 30 2014

MSL Sky Color

NOV 3 2013

Analysis of MSL water in soil announcement


JUL 11 2013

MSL Weather forecast


JUN 30 2013

MSL summer weather reports by REMS & Ashima


MAY 22 2013

ESA Orbiter discovers water super-saturation in the Martian atmosphere

MAY 19 2013

Ashima Concession on 268 Sols of Disinformation


MAY 19 2013

REMS Team and Ashima back off wind speed reports


 MAY 12 2013

Ashima Mars Weather Reports Sols 15 to 111

 MAY 12 2013

Ashima Mars Weather Reports Sols 112 on

MAY 11 2013

Corrections required for Ashima Mars weather reports (Part 3)

APR 29 2013

First estimates of Pressure on Mars


APR 11 2013

Reporting errors persist by REMS and Ashima


APR 5 2013

MSL Curiosity parachute flapping in the wind


MAR 29 2013

MSL Temperature Record


MAR 29 2013

Morning temperatures


FEB 5 2013

Temperature Swings: Mars vs. Earth


JAN 27 2013

MSL daylight hours


JAN 27 2013

Sunrise, sunset, and disinformation about Mars


JAN 13 2013

Disinformation about Mars (Wind & Relative Humidity)


JAN 2 2013

Martian orbital parameters

JAN 1 2013

MSL Rover Environmental Monitoring Station (REMS)  (poorly designed)


DEC 4 2012

MSL Pressures Ls 158.8 to 218.6 (8/22/2012 to 12/4/2012)


DEC 3 2012

MSL Press Conference of 3 December 2012


NOV 28 2012

Sample Analysis at Mars Problems


 NOV 3 2012

MSL Pressures to Ls 199.8 (Sol 87)

AUG 18 2012

MSL landing site (page under construction)


AUG 11 2012

Mars landing sites


MAR 8 2012

Dr. Desai’s challenge on Martian atmospheric models: EDL & parachute issues examined.


FEB 28 2012

Mariner 9, Olympus Mons and Scale Height Problems


FEB 14 2012

Viking pressure audit link table.


OCT 18 2010 (Updated 2/15/2015)

Phoenix Vaisala Pressure Sensor


 MAR 31 1992

Tavis sensor CAD diagrams

 FEB 14 2012

Martian Gedanken dust devil experiment

 JAN 15 2012 - Updated FEB 5 2015

Viking pressures/ Solar Longitude of Maximum and Minimum Pressures on Mars

 AUG 11 2012

Mars landings

NOV 29 2011

Slides used at the Mars Society Convention on Aug 4 2011


 2009

Phoenix steady pressure drop

OCT 29 2012

Blog debates


 OCT 18 2010

Unit and Comma Issues for NASA

OCT 18 2010

Phoenix Vaisala pressure transducer

OCT 2 2012

MSL Pressures – Initial analysis indicates another clogged filter and incorrect pressures


DEC 2009

MARS REPORT (December 2009 version): Case for Higher than Advertised Martian Air Pressure

2009

Scale heights on Mars

FEB 3 2010

Prasun Desai and Mars probes landing long

NOV 9 2009

 MARS REPORT (Short version) submitted to Embry-Riddle Aeronautical University on 11-9-09.  Figures are not included in this link, but the figures are available via the MARS REPORT (Updated Version) - see first item in this contents section.

2009

Tavis CADS

       

AUG 17 2008

Mars Society Activities


MAY 2002

Martian flares and their possible causes

 

Trees on Mars?


JUN 24 1993

Tavis transducer failures

 

Mach Numbers on Earth and Mars


MAR 1977

Michael Mitchell Report on Tavis Pressure Sensor Transducers

 

 

NOTES FOR FRONTIERS IN PROPULSION SCIENCE

Preface for Frontiers in Propulsion Science

Chapter  1: Recent History of Breakthrough Propulsion Studies

Chapter  2: Limits of Interstellar Flight Technology

Chapter  3: Prerequisites for Space Drive Science

Chapter  4: Review of Gravity Control Within Newtonian and General Relativistic Physics

Chapter  5: Gravitational Experiments with Superconductors: History and Lessons

Chapter  6: Nonviable Mechanical “Antigravity” Devices

Chapter  7: Null Findings of Yamishita Electrogravitical Patent

Chapter  8: Force Characterization of Asymmetrical Capacitor Thrusters in Air

Chapter  9: Experimental Findings of Asymmetrical Capacitor Thrusters for Various Gasses and Pressures

Chapter  10: Propulsive Implication of Photon Momentum in Media

Chapter  11: Experimental Results of the Woodward Effect on a Micro-Newton Thrust Balance

Chapter  12: Thrusting Against the Quantum Vacuum

Chapter  13: Inertial Mass from Stochastic Electrodynamics

Chapter  14: Relativistic Limits of Spaceflight

Chapter  15: Faster-than-Light Approaches in General Relativity

Chapter  16: Faster-than-Light Implications of Quantum Entanglement and Nonlocality

Chapter  17: Comparative Space Power Baselines

Chapter  18: On Extracting Energy from the Quantum Vacuum

Chapter  19: Investigating Sonoluminescence as a Means of  Energy Harvesting

Chapter 20: Null Tests of “Free Energy” Claims

Chapter  21: General Relativity Computational Tools and Conventions for Propulsion

Chapter 22: Prioritizing Pioneering Research

Text Typos to fix for Second Edition

 

 

RESUMES, DEGREES AND RECOMMENDATIONS

TRAVEL

Countries visited include Belarus, Canada, China, Grand Cayman, Egypt, England, France, Greece, Haiti, Israel, Italy, Jamaica, Mexico, Mongolia, Netherlands, Portugal, Russia, Spain, Switzerland, and Vatican City.

 

 World Tour 2007- China, Mongolia, Russia, and France

 Other travels – Israel, Egypt, Alaska, Meteor Crater, etc.

 Spring Break Cruise in 2013

 Mars Society Activities

 CERN in Geneva

 

 

OTHER CALCULATIONS AND PROGRAMS BY DAVID ROFFMAN